Technological Entrepreneurship, Internationalization of High-Tech Companies, and International e-Business

A special issue of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research (ISSN 0718-1876). This special issue belongs to the section "Entrepreneurship, Innovation, FinTech Accounting and Industry 4.0".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2021) | Viewed by 31189

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of International Trade, Cracow University of Economics, Rakowicka 27, 31-510 Krakow, Poland
Interests: international entrepreneurship; international business; international marketing; global strategies; entrepreneurship and innovation; family firms; entrepreneurship education; EU studies
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of International Trade, Cracow University of Economics, Rakowicka 27, 31-510 Krakow, Poland
Interests: international business (internationalization; risk and finance; market analysis); international entrepreneurship (entrepreneurial internationalization; comparative study of international entrepreneurship; entrepreneurial orientation); international economics (international economic relations; international trade)

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

An increasing amount of attention has recently been paid to the recognition of firms according to the level of their technological advancement. On this basis, we can isolate so-called high-tech firms, also defined as high-technology firms. Steenhuis and Bruijn (2006) proposed four dimensions of the use of high-tech technology: (i) industry-based, (ii) firm-based, (iii) product-based, and (iv) lifecycle-based. When we talk about the high-tech industry, however, high-tech firms and high-tech products and these four categories are interrelated and interlinked. The very essence of high-tech enterprises is superbly reflected in the specific features of these firms, which distinguish them from other firms. The significance of technology, including high-tech enterprises, for the economic growth of a country is obvious. In the literature on the subject, there is a common agreement that innovativeness, knowledge, technologies, human capital, and specifically the fundamental elements making up the core of high-tech enterprises are causative forces of long-term changes in the economy (Nadiri, 1993; Coe and Helpman, 1995; Bassanini, Scarpetta and Hemmings, 2001; Khan and Lunitel, 2006). Technology-based firms, particularly those operating in high-tech industries, operate in a deep inter-relationship among the processes of internationalization, innovation, and entrepreneurship (Onetti et al. 2012). Recently, many scholars have focused on the issues surrounding the internationalization of activities in the high-tech industry, focusing on technology-based born globals (Daszkiewicz, 2019) or the innovation behavior of high-tech industries (Wach, 2016; Liu et al. 2019), with the issues around the key role that high-tech firms operating across borders play attracting particular research interest.

Therefore, the goal of this Special Issue in the Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research is to advance theoretical and applicative research in all fields of technological entrepreneurship and internationalization of high-tech firms. As such, the Special Issue offers a venue for papers that help to increase our understanding of how specific international business in high-tech industries is.

Topics

The Special Issue welcomes contributions in the following topics but is not limited to them:

  • Internationalization of high-tech businesses;
  • International entrepreneurship in high-tech industries;
  • Internationalization of high-tech industries;
  • Innovation and R&D in international business;
  • Internationalization of R&D in multinational corporations;
  • Internationalization of pharmaceutical and biotech companies;
  • Technological entrepreneurship and e-entrepreneurship;
  • Social media and digital marketing in international business;
  • International e-business, international e-commerce, international e-marketing;
  • Electronic commerce in international trade;
  • Cross-cultural management and diversity in international e-commerce.

Prof. Dr. Krzysztof Wach
Prof. Dr. Agnieszka Głodowska
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • high-tech industries
  • internationalization of high-tech businesses
  • e-entrepreneurship
  • technological entrepreneurship
  • e-business
  • e-commerce
  • e-trade
  • e-economy
  • international business
  • international entrepreneurship
  • internationalization innovation and R&D

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

16 pages, 842 KiB  
Article
Exploratory and Exploitative Internationalization: Effects of Social Capital Antecedents and Fit Moderators of Innovation Consequence
by Hang Wu and Yiying Qu
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(7), 3120-3135; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16070170 - 13 Nov 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 3560
Abstract
Implementing international strategy is essential to enhance corporate innovation and achieve sustainable development. Existing research has theoretically illustrated the concept and importance of carrying out both exploratory and exploitative internationalization, yet our understanding of the antecedents and consequences of both activities remains unclear. [...] Read more.
Implementing international strategy is essential to enhance corporate innovation and achieve sustainable development. Existing research has theoretically illustrated the concept and importance of carrying out both exploratory and exploitative internationalization, yet our understanding of the antecedents and consequences of both activities remains unclear. Based on the data of Chinese international manufacturing firms, this paper examines the differential effects of business, government and knowledge network capital on exploratory and exploitative internationalization, and probes into how organizational, strategic, and environmental factors moderate the innovation effectiveness of exploratory and exploitative internationalization. Results indicate that business network capital has the same positive impact on exploratory and exploitative internationalization; government network capital influences the implementation of exploratory internationalization, whereas knowledge network capital influences the execution of exploitative internationalization. Furthermore, our findings reveal that, to maximize innovation performance, pursuing exploratory internationalization is more beneficial for firms with older age, firms entering into countries with low host–home country similarity, and operating in a more dynamic international environment. By contrast, pursuing exploitative internationalization is more effective for younger firms, firms entering into countries with high host–home country similarity, and in more stable international environment. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed. Full article
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13 pages, 501 KiB  
Article
The Role of Social Media in the Innovation and Performance of Kuwaiti Enterprises in the Food Sector
by Rashed Salem Alhaimer
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(6), 1960-1972; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16060110 - 29 Jun 2021
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 5590
Abstract
This study examined social media’s role in various levels of research, development, and performance within enterprises in Kuwait. The research incorporated four inductive case analyses in various sectors. The case studies epitomize the supply chain of Kuwaiti enterprises, including small and medium-sized enterprises [...] Read more.
This study examined social media’s role in various levels of research, development, and performance within enterprises in Kuwait. The research incorporated four inductive case analyses in various sectors. The case studies epitomize the supply chain of Kuwaiti enterprises, including small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Media richness theory and social exchange effectuation theory were utilized to create an effective theory and a theoretical framework. This study collected data via a questionnaire completed by 100 managers employed by Kuwaiti SMEs specialized in the food sector and interviews with eight managers. Numerical data were analyzed via SPSS software, while textual data were analyzed by applying thematic analysis. The results of this study suggest that Kuwaiti companies should adopt social media platforms and other novel, innovative outlets to publicize their organizations and maximize performance. Social media richness and openness tend to determine the supplier selection process in most Kuwaiti enterprises, leading to positive transactional and social impacts on entrepreneurship. Full article
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16 pages, 834 KiB  
Article
International Trade in the High-Tech Sector—Support or Obstacle to Start-Up Processes at the Macro Level in European Union Countries?
by Aleksandra Gawel
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(5), 1877-1892; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16050105 - 10 Jun 2021
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 3479
Abstract
High-tech internationalization touches on two aspects impacting entrepreneurship: openness of the economy and its level of innovativeness. Both of them might positively or negatively affect the process of new company creations, as suggested by the concept of entrepreneurial regime with creative destruction or [...] Read more.
High-tech internationalization touches on two aspects impacting entrepreneurship: openness of the economy and its level of innovativeness. Both of them might positively or negatively affect the process of new company creations, as suggested by the concept of entrepreneurial regime with creative destruction or by the concept of routinized regime with creative accumulation. The aim of the article is to assess the impact of high-tech internationalization on the start-up process of new company creation. Cluster analysis and panel modeling for European Union countries in 2009–2018 were conducted. The research results distinguish clusters of European Union countries with a different level of high-tech internationalization. The impact of high-tech internationalization on start-up rates is significant in the case of both clusters; however, it is stronger in the cluster of countries with a relatively higher level of high-tech international openness. The high-tech intra-EU import and extra-EU high-tech export negatively affect the rate of new enterprise creation in both clusters. Additionally, extra-EU import in clusters with a relatively higher level of high-tech internationalization also negatively impacts start-up rates. The only aspect supporting the start-up process is the level of intra-EU export in clusters with higher levels of high-tech internationalization. The results suggest that in European Union countries, creative accumulation is the dominant phenomenon. Full article
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17 pages, 851 KiB  
Article
Psychological Traits and Intention to Use E-Commerce among Rural Micro-Entrepreneurs in Malaysia
by Mohd Nor Hakimin Bin Yusoff, Fakhrul Anwar Zainol, Razman Hafifi Ridzuan, Mohammad Ismail and Asyraf Afthanorhan
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(5), 1827-1843; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16050102 - 7 Jun 2021
Cited by 12 | Viewed by 6019
Abstract
This study was set out to chiefly examine the influence of psychological traits—need of achievement (“N of Ach”) and risk-taking propensity (RTP)—on perceived usefulness (PUF) and perceived ease of use (PercEU), as well as their effects on the intention to use e-commerce among [...] Read more.
This study was set out to chiefly examine the influence of psychological traits—need of achievement (“N of Ach”) and risk-taking propensity (RTP)—on perceived usefulness (PUF) and perceived ease of use (PercEU), as well as their effects on the intention to use e-commerce among rural micro-entrepreneurs. This study exploited the psychological traits theories and the technology acceptance model (TAM) by utilizing samples represented by rural micro-entrepreneurs. The results of the study found that the N of Ach and RTP significantly influence PUF and PercEU. The two original TAM constructs and PercEU have significant relationships with PUF and intention. At the same time, it was also found that there exists a significant relationship between PUF and intention. This study therefore serves to fill the gaps where N of Ach and RTP of rural micro-entrepreneurs are seldom tested to examine the effects of perceptions of benefits and ease of use on the adoption of e-commerce. On top of that, this study provides vital input to policy makers and stakeholders of rural development in their efforts to increase the adoption of e-commerce among rural micro-entrepreneurs. Full article
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20 pages, 3288 KiB  
Article
Determinants of the Intention to Use Cross-Border Mobile Payments in Korea among Chinese Tourists: An Integrated Perspective of UTAUT2 with TTF and ITM
by Run-Ze Wu, Jong-Ho Lee and Xiu-Fu Tian
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(5), 1537-1556; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16050086 - 12 May 2021
Cited by 41 | Viewed by 5782
Abstract
With the acceleration of global economic integration and digital economy, cross-border mobile payment has gained growing attention. On the other hand, as COVID-19 keeps on spreading, the popularization of cross-border mobile payment can lower the risk of infection caused by cash payment of [...] Read more.
With the acceleration of global economic integration and digital economy, cross-border mobile payment has gained growing attention. On the other hand, as COVID-19 keeps on spreading, the popularization of cross-border mobile payment can lower the risk of infection caused by cash payment of tourists. However, though previous researchers already examined mobile payment users’ behavioral intention from different perspectives, these research findings tend to concentrate on the non-cross-border section of mobile payment. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to examine factors influencing cross-border mobile payment use intention from the user perspective, and combining three theoretical models, chiefly UTAUT2 (extended unified theory of acceptance and use of technology), ITM (initial trust model), and TTF (task technology fit). In this research, 786 Chinese with the experience of using cross-border mobile payment while traveling to South Korea are adopted as respondents, and the structural equation model is used to empirically analyze the data of these research samples. The study found that initial trust, performance expectancy, effort expectancy, facilitating conditions, price value, task technology fit, and initial trust have significant effects on use intention. Research findings of this paper can deepen people’s understanding of users’ intention to use cross-border mobile payment, and provide theoretical support for the development of cross-border mobile payment. Full article
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23 pages, 3118 KiB  
Article
Decision Factors behind Cisco Networking Hardware Acceptance in Business Environments
by Piotr Ostrowski, Stanislaw Wrycza, Damian Gajda and Bartosz Marcinkowski
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(4), 1097-1119; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16040062 - 23 Mar 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 4446
Abstract
Networking hardware might be considered a relatively unexposed enabler of the enormous success of the modern digital economy, and information technology of a global reach. The COVID-19 traffic spike across e-commerce portals puts further pressure on computer network component vendors and raises the [...] Read more.
Networking hardware might be considered a relatively unexposed enabler of the enormous success of the modern digital economy, and information technology of a global reach. The COVID-19 traffic spike across e-commerce portals puts further pressure on computer network component vendors and raises the bar regarding both performance and reliability. Therefore, the authors undertake a challenge of identifying factors influencing the level of Cisco switches acceptance among network administrators in business environments. To achieve that, Structural Equation Modelling is introduced. The feedback gathered from 205 study contributors enabled the authors to evaluate the significance of two domain-specific factors—Technological Innovation (TI) and Availability of Professional Training (APT). The APT was confirmed to have a significant impact on networking hardware acceptance. The study contributes to extending the decision-making rationale regarding the procurement of networking switches and shows the added value of technology-oriented professional training for job satisfaction and working efficiency. Full article
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