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Article

Intensity of Energy Drink Use Plus Alcohol Predict Risky Health Behaviours among University Students in the Caribbean

1
Psychiatry Unit, Department of Clinical Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
2
Department of Behavioural Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2429; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112429
Received: 21 August 2018 / Revised: 29 October 2018 / Accepted: 30 October 2018 / Published: 1 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition, Diets and Public Health)
The relationship between energy drink (ED) use and risky behaviours has not been explored in the Caribbean, where youth risky behaviours are prevalent. This paper examines the relationship between ED use and risky behaviours and the moderating effect of gender among 1994 undergraduate students in Trinidad and Tobago. Analyses examined the association between ED use and risky behaviours, and the significant predictors of risky behaviours. Analysis of variance determined whether there were differences in risky behaviours between those who used only alcohol or EDs, both alcohol and EDs, alcohol mixed with EDs and neither alcohol nor EDs; and the difference between those with high and low intensity of ED use. In both males and females current use of energy drinks was positively associated with harmful substance use, risky sexual behaviours, and risky non-sexual behaviours, more strongly for males. The strongest predictor of risky behaviours was gender. Males consuming both alcohol and EDs, independently or mixed, were most likely to have risky behaviours. Consistent with previous reports, harmful alcohol use and other risk taking health behaviours appear to be predicted by a combination of high intensity use of EDs and alcohol. In countries like Trinidad and Tobago where violence, alcohol use disorders, STI/HIV infection and teenaged pregnancy are prevalent, the assessment of consumption of EDs and alcohol may be an important potential predictor of health compromising behaviours. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy drinks; alcohol; AmEDs; risky behaviours; health behaviours; Trinidad and Tobago; Caribbean energy drinks; alcohol; AmEDs; risky behaviours; health behaviours; Trinidad and Tobago; Caribbean
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MDPI and ACS Style

Reid, S.D.; Gentius, J. Intensity of Energy Drink Use Plus Alcohol Predict Risky Health Behaviours among University Students in the Caribbean. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2429. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112429

AMA Style

Reid SD, Gentius J. Intensity of Energy Drink Use Plus Alcohol Predict Risky Health Behaviours among University Students in the Caribbean. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(11):2429. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112429

Chicago/Turabian Style

Reid, Sandra D., and Jannel Gentius. 2018. "Intensity of Energy Drink Use Plus Alcohol Predict Risky Health Behaviours among University Students in the Caribbean" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 11: 2429. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112429

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