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Special Issue "Wood Productions and Renewable Materials"

A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907). This special issue belongs to the section "Forest Ecology and Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2019

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Pierre Blanchet

NSERC Industrial Research Chair on Ecoresponsible Wood Construction, Department of Wood and Forest Sciences, Université Laval, 2425 De la Terrasse St, Quebec City, Quebec, G1V 0A6, Canada
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Second wood processing; Product development; Wooden construction; Durability of materials and buildings; Eco conception; Operationalization of sustainable development

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The global climate is putting significant pressure on the materials sector to decrease their environmental impacts. This is a real opportunity for growth in the use of forest products. Forests, sustainably managed, offer the opportunity for the society to make eco-responsible choices. Many economies depend on the forest sector. This special edition is an opportunity for researchers all over the world to demonstrate the advances they are making in the wise use of forest products.

This special edition of MDPI Forest is dedicated to forest products. More specifically, the topics are:

  • Structural products
  • Appearance wood products
  • Hardwood uses
  • Softwoods uses
  • Transformation processes
  • Wood as biomass energy
  • The environmental impact of forest products
  • Biorefinery products
  • Forest products in the building
  • Forest Products Marketing
  • Mechanic and physic of wood
  • Wood composites
  • Wood bonding
  • Hybrid materials using wood
  • Wood protection

Prof. Dr. Pierre Blanchet
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Forests is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Streamlined Life Cycle Assessment of an Innovative Bio-Based Material in Construction: A Case Study of a Phase Change Material Panel
Forests 2019, 10(2), 160; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10020160
Received: 28 November 2018 / Revised: 3 February 2019 / Accepted: 9 February 2019 / Published: 13 February 2019
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Abstract
Research Highlights: This is the first study that analyzes the environmental performance of wood-based phase change material (PCM) panels. Background and Objectives: Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a powerful environmental management tool. However, a full LCA, especially during the early design phase of [...] Read more.
Research Highlights: This is the first study that analyzes the environmental performance of wood-based phase change material (PCM) panels. Background and Objectives: Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a powerful environmental management tool. However, a full LCA, especially during the early design phase of a product, is far too time and data intensive for industrial companies to conduct during their production and consumption processes. Therefore, there is an increasing demand for simpler methods to demonstrate a company’s resource efficiency potential without being data or time intensive. The goal of this study is to investigate the suitability of streamlined LCA (SLCA) tools and methods used in the building material industry, and to assess their robustness in the case study of a wood-based PCM panel. Materials and Methods: The Bilan Produit tool was selected as the SLCA tool and a matrix LCA was selected as the most commonly used SLCA method. A specific case study of a wood-based PCM panel was selected with a focus on its application in building construction in the province of Québec. Results: As a semi-quantitative LCA method, the matrix LCA provided a quick screening of the product life cycle and its hotspot stages, i.e., life cycle stages with high impact. However, the results of the full LCA and SLCA tools were quantitative and based on scientific databases. The use of the PCM panel and heating energy had the highest environmental impacts as compared to other inputs. The results of the full LCA and SLCA also identified energy consumption as a hotspot. Insufficient material or processes in the SLCA databases was one of the reasons for the difference between the results of the SLCA and full LCA. Conclusions: The examined SLCA methods provided proper explanations for the bio-based material in construction, but several limitations still exist, and the methods should be improved to make them more robust when implemented in such a specific sector. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wood Productions and Renewable Materials)
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Open AccessArticle Nondestructive Near-Infrared Spectroscopic Analysis of Oils on Wood Surfaces
Forests 2019, 10(1), 64; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10010064
Received: 3 December 2018 / Revised: 8 January 2019 / Accepted: 11 January 2019 / Published: 15 January 2019
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Abstract
The further use of wood resources is expected in an environmentally conscious society. Added-value, such as durability enhancement and preservation by painting, are needed to expand the applicability of wood. Assessment of wood properties such as surface and coat adhesion can be made [...] Read more.
The further use of wood resources is expected in an environmentally conscious society. Added-value, such as durability enhancement and preservation by painting, are needed to expand the applicability of wood. Assessment of wood properties such as surface and coat adhesion can be made by studying perviousness to liquid oils, with the aim of developing wood products that deter insects and are weather-resistant; hence, discriminant analysis of oil type is important. Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy is a powerful tool for nondestructive characterization of organic materials and has been widely used in many industries. Here, NIR detection of oil on wood surfaces is applied for the distinguishing of three different types of oil (hereafter, “Oil_1”, “Oil_2” and “Oil_3”) via soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA). Oil_1 was antiseptic vehicle or cutting oil. Oil_2 was used as a motor oil for an oil pressure machine. Oil_3 was plant-derived oil. Two types of wood that are commonly used in Japanese construction (Cryptomeria japonica and Chamaecyparis obtuse) were analyzed after applying oil. The NIR spectra measured after the oil was applied were greater in the ranges 1700–1800 nm and 2300–2500 nm than spectra for the bare wood sample. As SIMCA analyses were performed by using spectral data that included the moving average, baseline correction and second derivatives, good results were obtained for Oil_3 for both wood samples. However, the correct classification percentages were low for Oil_1, and the percentage of samples classified within several categories was high. If the components are very different, such as those for Oil_3, NIRS can be a powerful non-destructive method for identifying oil in the context of wood products testing. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wood Productions and Renewable Materials)
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Open AccessArticle Color Stabilization of Siberian and European Larch Wood Using UVA, HALS, and Nanoparticle Pretreatments
Forests 2019, 10(1), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10010023
Received: 25 November 2018 / Revised: 14 December 2018 / Accepted: 25 December 2018 / Published: 1 January 2019
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Abstract
Reducing discoloration of wood due to photodegradation caused by ultraviolet (UV) and visible (VIS) radiation enhances its aesthetical value and prolongs the overall service life of protective coatings. In this study, the efficiency of pretreatments with different active ingredients to reduce degradation and [...] Read more.
Reducing discoloration of wood due to photodegradation caused by ultraviolet (UV) and visible (VIS) radiation enhances its aesthetical value and prolongs the overall service life of protective coatings. In this study, the efficiency of pretreatments with different active ingredients to reduce degradation and stabilize the color of Siberian (Larix sibirica Ledeb.) and European larch (Larix decidua Mill) wood was investigated. UV absorbers (UVA), hindered amine light stabilizers (HALS) and zinc oxide nanoparticles were used in twenty different pretreatments. The ability to protect wood surface against radiation was evaluated via color and gloss change measurements during artificial ageing. The efficiency of tested color-stabilizing pretreatments differed for Siberian and European larch and not all of them reduced discoloration. The most effective pretreatments were based on a combination of UVA and HALS in a synergistic effect. Overall, the best efficiency from tested variants for larch wood generally was observed for combination of Eversorb 80 on benzotriazole basis + Eversorb 93 on a piperidinyl basis. The pretreatments did not significantly affect the gloss values. The results revealed convenient variants of stabilizers for Siberian and European larch wood and confirmed different compatibility between specific wood species and color stabilizers. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wood Productions and Renewable Materials)
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