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Special Issue "Responses of Trees to Pollutants"

A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907). This special issue belongs to the section "Forest Ecophysiology and Biology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 June 2019

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Claudia Cocozza

Department of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Systems, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Via San Bonaventura,13, 50145 Firenze, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: environmental pollution; dendrochemistry; phytoremediation; plant response; plant resistance

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The fingerprint of anthropogenic disturbance on urban environmental quality is a relevant question in modern society. Air pollution is one of the most important problems related to industrialization and is of major concern to societies for its effects on the environment and human health. Pollutants can be deposited onto plant surfaces, absorbed from the atmosphere by foliage, and taken up from soil by roots. Responses of trees to pollutants require investigation to assess pollutant uptake in trees and resistance to pollution. Indeed, the translocation of trace elements depends on tree species and the chemical element: Cation exchange processes may occur within the xylem sap, and fluctuations in element concentration can occur from one annual ring to the next. The potential of trees to uptake pollutants is an efficient pathway to preserve the environment. Responses of trees to pollutants conveniently implement modelling processes, towards identifying physiological plant response and resistance mechanisms, plant signals in relation to the pollution threshold, and suitable trees for urban forestry. Investigations from the field to the experimental level and the approaches of monitoring and modeling allow one to implement the knowledge and potential of tree responses in a polluted environment. Moreover, species-specific properties (e.g., tolerance and/or bioindication capacity for specific contaminants) can help planners create an effective monitoring net in strategic urban or peri-urban areas or detect single contaminants in space and time.

Dr. Claudia Cocozza
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Forests is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Air, water and soil pollution
  • Pollutant uptake
  • Stress physiology
  • Phytoremediation
  • Dendrochemistry
  • Ecosystem services
  • Urban forestry

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle How Does Leaf Surface Micromorphology of Different Trees Impact Their Ability to Capture Particulate Matter?
Forests 2018, 9(11), 681; https://doi.org/10.3390/f9110681
Received: 31 August 2018 / Revised: 25 October 2018 / Accepted: 25 October 2018 / Published: 30 October 2018
PDF Full-text (1861 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Particulate matter (PM), including PM10 and PM2.5, has a major impact on air quality and public health. It has been shown that trees can capture PM and improve air quality. In this study, we used two-way ANOVA to investigate the [...] Read more.
Particulate matter (PM), including PM10 and PM2.5, has a major impact on air quality and public health. It has been shown that trees can capture PM and improve air quality. In this study, we used two-way ANOVA to investigate the significance of micro-morphological leaf surface characteristics of green trees in capturing PM at different parks in Beijing. The results show that leaf structure significantly impacts the ability of plants to capture PM. Pinus tabuliformis Carr. and Pinus bungeana Zucc. were mainly impacted by the density of stomata, waxy cuticle, and epidermis, while the major contributor to PM retention in other test trees, including Acer truncatum Bunge, Salix matsudana Koid., Populus tomentosa Carr. and Ginkgo biloba Linn. was leaf roughness. There were significant variations in leaf-droplet contact angle (representative of leaf wettability) and the ability of trees to capture PM (p < 0.05): the bigger the contact angle, the less able the plant was to capture particulate matter. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Responses of Trees to Pollutants)
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