Special Issue "Pediatric Dentistry 2018"

A special issue of Dentistry Journal (ISSN 2304-6767).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 October 2018)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Christopher V. Hughes

School of Dentistry, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA
Website | E-Mail

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Identification of children at risk is the most pressing   research question in modern Pediatric Dentistry. Risk assessment enables the clinician to tailor preventive, restorative, and diagnostic strategies for each patient based on biologic, environmental, and demographic risk factors. 

Dental caries is a complex multifactorial disease, and hence, identification of risk factors has proved a daunting task. Recent decades have focused on the demographic, nutritional, environmental, and microbiologic factors that influence the experience of caries in children.  Recently, with the advent of the genomic era, research has begun to focus on possible genetic influences as well. These studies suggest that susceptibility to caries is highly heritable, and genetics may also play an important role in risk assessment. 

The focus of this Special Issue will be on all areas of caries risk assessment, including genetic, microbiological, environmental, behavioral, and demographic factors. Papers focusing on conservative approaches to disease management are also encouraged.

Prof. Dr. Christopher V. Hughes
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Dentistry Journal is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 350 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • risk assessment
  • dental caries
  • Mutans streptococci
  • genetics
  • nutrition
  • pediatric dentistry
  • early childhood caries
  • prevention
  • oral hygiene

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Open AccessPerspective Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Mothers of Preschool Children About Oral Health in Qatar: A Cross-Sectional Survey
Dent. J. 2018, 6(4), 51; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj6040051
Received: 27 May 2018 / Revised: 2 September 2018 / Accepted: 17 September 2018 / Published: 1 October 2018
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Abstract
Health-related behaviors are influenced by knowledge and awareness, with oral health being no exception. It is well-known that oral diseases are influenced by social determinants. There is an association between the oral health knowledge of mothers and the status of their children’s oral
[...] Read more.
Health-related behaviors are influenced by knowledge and awareness, with oral health being no exception. It is well-known that oral diseases are influenced by social determinants. There is an association between the oral health knowledge of mothers and the status of their children’s oral health. In Qatar, the knowledge and practices of oral health in preschool children have not been previously reported. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and related practices of mothers of preschool children about oral health in Qatar. A total of 400 questionnaires were distributed by the principals of kindergarten to mothers of children attending 16 government kindergartens in Qatar. The questionnaire included 38 close-ended questions grouped into nine categories, addressing different aspects of knowledge and practices related to early childhood oral health. The questionnaire was constructed in English, before being translated into Arabic, which is the local language in Qatar. The questionnaire instrument was pre-tested on mothers with demographic characteristics matching the main population. These participants were not included in the main study. The questionnaire study was associated with a clinical epidemiological study to assess dental caries and enamel defects of the sampled children. The dmft caries index (decayed, missing and filled teeth) was used for that purpose according to the World Health Organization criteria. For the questionnaire administered to mothers with clinical survey variables, a binary logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the associations between the measures of oral health status (dmft, Dental index) and mothers’ oral health knowledge and practices. A total of 48% mothers thought that children should have their teeth brushed from the age of three years and 42% chose younger than two years as a starting age for brushing. More than half (54%) of the mothers thought that children should not have their teeth flossed. In general, no significant statistical association was found between dmft and any other variables, except for whether or not the child had visited the dentist. Logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the association between the measures of oral health status (dmft, DI) and mothers’ oral health knowledge and practices. After controlling for the other independent variables included in this model, the test of the model was not statistically significant, which indicated that none of the variables represent a significant risk for occurrence of caries. The only exception was whether or not the child had visited the dentist (odds ratio = 2.51, 95% confidence interval 1.091–5.774). Despite the existence of good knowledge of oral health care, there were deficiencies in the oral health care provided to children. This may reflect that seeking dental care is either not very important or it is challenging to obtain access to a child-friendly dentist in the public health system in Qatar. The results of this study suggest that there is a need for an oral health promotion program to fill the gaps in knowledge for mothers regarding oral health care for young children. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Dentistry 2018)
Open AccessCase Report Treating Mucocele in Pediatric Patients Using a Diode Laser: Three Case Reports
Dent. J. 2018, 6(2), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj6020013
Received: 10 April 2018 / Revised: 23 April 2018 / Accepted: 25 April 2018 / Published: 9 May 2018
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Abstract
A mucocele is the most common minor salivary gland disease and among the most common biopsied oral lesions in pediatric patients. Clinically, a mucocele appears as a round well-circumscribed painless swelling ranging from deep blue to mucosa alike in color. Mucoceles rarely resolve
[...] Read more.
A mucocele is the most common minor salivary gland disease and among the most common biopsied oral lesions in pediatric patients. Clinically, a mucocele appears as a round well-circumscribed painless swelling ranging from deep blue to mucosa alike in color. Mucoceles rarely resolve on their own and surgical removal under local anesthesia is required in most cases. Different treatment options are described in the literature, including cryosurgery, intra-lesion injection of corticosteroid, micro-marsupialization and conventional surgical removal using a scalpel, and laser ablation. Therefore, the goal of this paper was to report three cases of mucocele removal in pediatric patients using a diode laser with a one-month follow-up. Mucoceles were removed by a pediatric dentist using a diode laser with a wavelength of 930 nm in continuous mode and a power setting of 1.8 Watts. In all cases, no bleeding occurred during or after the procedure and there was no need for suturing. On clinical examination during the one-month follow-up, in all three cases there was minimal or no scarring, minimal post-operative discomfort or pain, and no recurrence. Diode lasers provide an effective, rapid, simple, bloodless and well accepted procedure for treating mucocele in pediatric patients. Minimal post-operative discomfort and scarring was reported by all the three patients. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Dentistry 2018)
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