Special Issue "Oral Microbiome in Human Health and Disease"

A special issue of Dentistry Journal (ISSN 2304-6767).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2019.

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Luigi Santacroce

Ionian Department (DJSGEM), University of Bari "Aldo Moro", 70121 Bari, Italy
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Epidemiological studies indicated that more than 15% of the population in western countries suffer because of severe forms of periodontitis. In the light of the available knowledge to date on the pathogenetic mechanisms of such an infection, it is possible to affirm that different risk factors can influence its onset, evolution, and therapeutic possibilities. In the examination of the risk factors in the development of periodontal pathology, the effects of systemic conditions on the health of the oral cavity have been reported, as well as the influence of the periodontal pathology on the onset and on the evolution of several systemic pathologies related to certain physiological conditions. In fact, periodontitis may increase the risk of group of life-threatening conditions such as atherosclerosis, stroke, or low birth weight.
In this respect, the recognition of the relationship between oral and systemic health is growing, and is thus receiving remarkable interest in the scientific literature.

Thank you very much!

Prof. Luigi Santacroce
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Dentistry Journal is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • human microbioma
  • oral microbioma
  • periodontitis
  • oral hygiene
  • dental hygiene
  • pulmonary diseases
  • diabetes
  • cancer
  • cardiovascular diseases
  • preterm birth
  • pregnancy
  • gastrointestinal conditions

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Anorexia, Oral Health and Antioxidant Salivary System: A Clinical Study on Adult Female Subjects
Dent. J. 2019, 7(2), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7020060
Received: 24 April 2019 / Revised: 20 May 2019 / Accepted: 21 May 2019 / Published: 1 June 2019
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Abstract
The aim of this study was to compare the oral health status and salivary antioxidant system between patients diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN) and healthy controls. A total of 25 female AN patients and 25 matched healthy controls were enrolled. Clinical parameters and [...] Read more.
The aim of this study was to compare the oral health status and salivary antioxidant system between patients diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN) and healthy controls. A total of 25 female AN patients and 25 matched healthy controls were enrolled. Clinical parameters and saliva samples were collected for each patient. Two questionnaires to investigate oral health and hygiene were administered. Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) activity and High Reactive Oxygen Species (hROS) were evaluated. Salivary concentration of SOD was significantly higher in subjects with AN compared with control group (1.010 ± 0.462 vs. 0.579 ± 0.296 U/mL; p = 0.0003). No significant differences between groups were identified for hROS (233.72 ± 88.27 vs. 199.49 ± 74.72; p = 0.15). Data from questionnaires indicated that, although most of the patients recognized the oral hygiene importance in maintaining a good oral health, more than half of them had poor oral hygiene. Altered biochemical composition of saliva in patients with AN could be interpreted as an effective defence mechanism against oxidative stress. Moreover, despite the discrepancy between clinical findings and perception of the oral health in AN population arose, the quality of life of these patients appears not to be significantly affected by their dental condition. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Microbiome in Human Health and Disease)
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