Special Issue "Climate Change on Crops, Foods and Diets"
A special issue of Climate (ISSN 2225-1154).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 January 2017).
Interests: organic food quality; food culture; water resources management; nutritional studies, biochemistry
Interests: water resources management; food culture; food sovereignty; traditional knowledge; nutritional studies
The connectivity between food and climate is an inevitable factor. The diversity of food culture is dependent on certain climate conditions. Even though commercial globalization has had an immense effect on food culture, different eating habits and diet preferences can be observed in varied climate zones and regions throughout the world. In addition to this, economic growth often leads to the phenomenon of nutrition transition, changing food habits towards a Western diet, with high animal protein, which will cause a higher emission of climatically relevant gases. Scientists are conducting research all around the world to identify, understand, and analyze how severe the impact of agricultural and food systems on climate change are, or how adaptation abilities may function in the future. Given that globally, rain-fed agriculture is practised on approximately 80% of cultivated land and supplies more than 60% of the world's food, temporal and spatial variability (and availability) of water is one of the most critical issues in this complex problem.
Due to the climate change impacts, notably on rainfall patterns and river discharge, food production and, linked to that, the global market, could be severely altered. The yield of crops could drastically decline. The biodiversity in food production could be affected. Contrary to this, unsustainable food productions (e.g., the burning of woods for animal feed, high use of mineral fertilizers, multiple transportation of food for processing) also have negative consequences on climate, including greenhouse gas emission and other harmful impacts on ecosystems. The quantitative and qualitative changes in food patterns could influence food processing, distribution, and consumption. Large-scale climate variability and changes, such as drought, floods, and other natural hazards, could generate starvation that leads to uncountable deaths and a loss of diversity in plants and animals, as well as functioning ecosystems—leading to spiraling poverty. Therefore, deep and interdisciplinary discussions are demanded in a timely manner to understand the spatially and temporally climate-change impact on food systems and also the responsibility of societies (including their food habits).
Sisira S. Withanachchi
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- food systems
- sustainable agricultural systems
- food cultures
- nutrition transition
- climate relevant emissions in food production
- society and climate change
- water resource
- traditional knowledge