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Climate 2016, 4(2), 26;

Climate Change Adaptation Strategy in the Food Industry—Insights from Product Carbon and Water Footprints

CSIRO Agriculture, Private Bag 10, Clayton South, Victoria 3169, Australia
Department of Agricultural Economics, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa
CSIRO Food and Nutrition, Private Bag 16, Werribee, Victoria 3030, Australia
Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 98, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
CSIRO Agriculture, GPO Box 284, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
Tasmanian School of Business and Economics, University of Tasmania, Locked Bag 1317, Launceston, Tasmania 7250, Australia
CSIRO Land and Water, 1 Technology Court, Pullenvale, Queensland 4069, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Angelika Ploeger, Sisira S. Withanachchi and Engin Koncagul
Received: 24 March 2016 / Revised: 21 April 2016 / Accepted: 22 April 2016 / Published: 4 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change on Crops, Foods and Diets)
Full-Text   |   PDF [224 KB, uploaded 4 May 2016]


Climate change adds an additional layer of complexity that needs to be considered in business strategy. For firms in the food industry, many of the important climate impacts are not directly related to food processing so a value chain approach to adaptation is recommended. However, there is a general lack of operational tools to support this. In this study, carbon and water footprints were conducted at a low-precision screening level in three case studies in Australia: Smith’s potato chips, OneHarvest Calypso™ mango and selected Treasury Wine Estates products. The approach was cost-effective when compared to high-definition studies intended to support environmental labels and declarations, yet provided useful identification of physical, financial, regulatory and reputational hotspots related to climate change. A combination of diagnostic footprinting, downscaled climate projection and semi-quantitative value chain analysis is proposed as a practical and relevant toolkit to inform climate adaptation strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: greenhouse gas; life cycle assessment; mango; potato; value chain; wine greenhouse gas; life cycle assessment; mango; potato; value chain; wine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ridoutt, B.; Sanguansri, P.; Bonney, L.; Crimp, S.; Lewis, G.; Lim-Camacho, L. Climate Change Adaptation Strategy in the Food Industry—Insights from Product Carbon and Water Footprints. Climate 2016, 4, 26.

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