Special Issue "Role of Enzymes in Designing Self-Healing Biological Based Materials"

A special issue of Catalysts (ISSN 2073-4344). This special issue belongs to the section "Biocatalysis".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 November 2021) | Viewed by 2799

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Aydin Berenjian
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Bioprocess Engineering Research, University of Waikato, Hillcrest, Hamilton 3216, New Zealand
Interests: fermentation; bioprocess engineering; enzymatic reactions; self-healing materials
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Mostafa Seifan
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering, The University of Waikato, Hamilton 3216, New Zealand
Interests: construction circular economy; recycled and waste materials in concrete; sustainable concrete technology; additive manufacturing of concrete; self-healing material development
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The persistence of many fabricated materials is costly and has a negative impact on environment. Therefore, the importance of developing new techniques to create sustainable materials that can heal themselves is of high interest. This is especially true for cementitious materials to synthetic polymers. In this fashion, enzymes play a key role in designing and fabricating a range of sustainable materials with a self-healing characteristic. This Special Issue will focus on the latest advancements and developed strategies of using enzymatic reactions to design self-healing materials.

Dr. Aydin Berenjian
Dr. Mostafa Seifan
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Catalysts is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • enzyme
  • self-healing
  • remendable
  • durability
  • design strategies
  • sustainability
  • mineral

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Development of an Innovative Urease-Aided Self-Healing Dental Composite
Catalysts 2020, 10(1), 84; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10010084 - 07 Jan 2020
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 2379
Abstract
Dental restorative materials suffer from major drawbacks, namely fracture and shrinkage, which result in failure and require restoration and replacement. There are different methods to address these issues, such as increasing the filler load or changing the resin matrix of the composite. In [...] Read more.
Dental restorative materials suffer from major drawbacks, namely fracture and shrinkage, which result in failure and require restoration and replacement. There are different methods to address these issues, such as increasing the filler load or changing the resin matrix of the composite. In the present work, we introduce a new viable process to heal the generated cracks with the aid of urease enzyme. In this system, urease breaks down the salivary urea which later binds with calcium to form calcium carbonate (CaCO3). The formation of insoluble CaCO3 fills any resultant fracture or shrinkage from the dental composure hardening step. The healing process and the formation of CaCO3 within dental composites were successfully confirmed by optical microscope, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDS) methods. This research demonstrates a new protocol to increase the service life of dental restoration composites in the near future. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Role of Enzymes in Designing Self-Healing Biological Based Materials)
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