Special Issue "Development of Catalysts for Green Diesel Production"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 January 2019).
Interests: heterogeneous catalysis; synthesis and characterization of porous materials; catalyst preparation; surface characterization; catalytic oil upgrading processes; environmental catalysis; photocatalysis; development of catalysts for bio-fuel production
Modern material culture is primarily based on fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas), which are going to be exhausted over the next two centuries, while energy demands will increase continuously due to the increase of the Earth’s population and standards of living. At the same time, there are now very strong indications that global warming is accelerating, causing severe climate disturbances due to the ever-increasing carbon dioxide emissions caused by the burning of fossil fuels.
The scientific community is searching for solutions to the aforementioned problems, adopting a holistic approach to the dual—energy and climate—challenge with complementary use of renewable energy. The proposed solutions involve combined exploitation of renewable energy, like sun energy, wind energy, hydropower, ocean energy, geothermal energy, etc. These kinds of energy could be easily transformed into electricity and transferred by the existing grid to cover the major part of energy demands of households and industry. However, the restricted storage possibilities of electrical energy do not allow, at the moment, the complete use of this kind of energy in the transportation sector.
Existing transportation technology has been developed based on liquid fossil fuels (gasoline, kerosene and diesel); thus, renewable substitutes for these fuels can easily satisfy the relevant demands without substantial change concerning this technology.
Renewable liquid fuels can be produced from biomass, which is easily found everywhere on the planet’s surface. Extensive research concerns the exploitation of lignocellulosic biomass (especially that of residues) from which bio-oil can be produced. Bio-oil, an oxygen-rich liquid with a very complex composition, needs substantial deoxygenation before it can be transformed into green fuels.
Animal fats and vegetable oils constitute a simpler kind of biomass that can be harnessed for the production of green jet/diesel fuel. However, some researchers have raised concerns regarding the potential interference in nutritional consumption if virgin triglyceride biomass was employed in the green jet/diesel fuel production.
In view of this, there is continuous research into the exploitation of non-edible oil as a feedstock for green jet/diesel fuel. A few of the proven, non-edible oils that can be used as jet/diesel feedstocks are Jatropha oil; fatty acid distillates; microalgae oil; and waste cooking oil. The latter three are preferable because they do not need arable terrenes for their cultivation.
The development of catalysts for green diesel production via deoxygenation of the aforementioned oils has attracted a great deal of interest. This Special Issue of Catalysts aspires to collect and present the newest achievements in this field.
Prof. Dr. Kordulis Christos
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Catalysts is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- bio-oil upgrading
- green diesel
- catalyst development
- non-edible oil
- renewable fuel
- renewable diesel