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Special Issue "Soil/Mineral Dust Aerosols in the Earth System"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 September 2019).
Dr. Jan P. Perlwitz Website E-Mail
Climate, Aerosol, and Pollution Research, LLC, Bronx, New York, USA; NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, New York, USA
Interests: earth system modeling; soil dust aerosol modeling; mineralogical composition of dust; heterogeneous ice nucleation; heterogeneous chemistry; soluble iron cycle; dust on Mars and exoplanets; nonlinear dynamics
In 1846, Charles Darwin wrote his report for the Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society about 15 instances of dust from Africa which had fallen on the decks of ships in the Atlantic. More than a 150 years later, the abundance of soil (mineral) dust aerosols, their physical and chemical properties, their role in weather and climate, and their impact on humans and society are systematically studied using various measurement techniques and models.
Dust is one of the most important aerosols in the Earth system. It directly alters radiative fluxes in the atmosphere by scattering and absorbing radiation in the shortwave and longwave range of the spectrum. The redistribution of radiative energy by dust aerosols influences the thermodynamic environment for cloud formation, which also affects the hydrological cycle and large-scale atmospheric circulation. Dust particles are also involved in cloud microphysical processes, since they can act as cloud condensation nuclei or ice-nucleating particles. Dust particles take up trace gases by heterogeneous chemical reactions, they mix with other aerosols, and by carrying and processing nutrients such as soluble iron, they are very important for the biogeochemical cycles of the planet. Bacteria and fungi are advected with dust, potentially affecting human health. It has been increasingly recognized that an improved understanding of the involvement of dust aerosols in the aforementioned processes requires the consideration of a proper description of their physical parameters, their mineralogical and chemical composition, and the mixing of dust particles with other aerosols.
For this Special Issue, we invite you to present your new research on the diverse and complex properties of soil dust aerosols as well as how dust aerosols are involved in the various processes in the Earth system. Both measurement and modeling studies are welcome.
Dr. Jan P. Perlwitz
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Atmosphere is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- soil dust aerosols
- dust size distribution
- dust composition
- dust radiative effect
- cloud condensation nuclei
- heterogeneous ice nucleation
- dust heterogeneous chemistry
- biogeochemical cycles
- soluble iron cycle
- dust–climate interaction