Special Issue "Assessing the Climate of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East/North Africa"

A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433). This special issue belongs to the section "Climatology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 1 March 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Panos Hadjinicolaou
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Energy, Environment and Water Research Center, The Cyprus Institute, Nicosia, Cyprus
Interests: dynamical downscaling of past, present, and future climate; indices and impacts of climate change extremes; atmospheric circulation links; climate statistics, stratospheric ozone depletion, trends, and future recovery
Prof. Mansour Almazroui
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Center of Excellence for Climate Change Research, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
Interests: climate variability; climate and climate change; impacts of climate change in water resources and agriculture; detection of climate change signals and future climate change in the Middle East with a focus on the Arabian Peninsula; global and regional climate modeling; large-scale circulation patterns affecting local climate elements in Saudi Arabia; relationship to extremes and large-scale teleconnections

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The region encompassing the Eastern Mediterranean (EM) and the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) is made up of two dozen countries with over 400 million inhabitants. The five most populated metropolitan cities (Cairo, Istanbul, Tehran, Baghdad, and Riyadh) have a total of nearly 60 million inhabitants. After years of intense industrialization, rapid population growth, urbanization, and extensive land conversion, the EM/MENA is now considered a global climate change ‘hot spot’. Temperature has increased faster than the global average and rainfall decreased in recent decades, while model projections indicate even warmer and drier conditions for the 21st century.

Manuscripts are invited to further document and investigate past, present, and future climate evolution, and related processes, responses, and atmospheric impacts, based on model simulations and/or analysis of observed data. Potential topics pertinent to the climate of the EM/MENA region may include:

  • Climate change, trends, and projections;
  • Observational analysis and/or model evaluation;
  • Atmospheric circulation regimes;
  • Links with global teleconnections;
  • Heat and hydrometeorological extremes;
  • Region, country or local scale climate change assessments.

Contributions from the CORDEX regional climate modeling community are especially welcome.

Dr. Panos Hadjinicolaou
Prof. Mansour Almazroui
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Atmosphere is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Climatology
  • Extremes
  • Climate change
  • Modeling
  • Observations
  • Mediterranean
  • Middle East
  • North Africa

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle
Climate Extremes over the Arabian Peninsula Using RegCM4 for Present Conditions Forced by Several CMIP5 Models
Atmosphere 2019, 10(11), 675; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10110675 - 02 Nov 2019
This paper investigates the temperature and precipitation extremes over the Arabian Peninsula using data from the regional climate model RegCM4 forced by three Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) models and ERA–Interim reanalysis data. Indices of extremes are calculated using daily temperature [...] Read more.
This paper investigates the temperature and precipitation extremes over the Arabian Peninsula using data from the regional climate model RegCM4 forced by three Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) models and ERA–Interim reanalysis data. Indices of extremes are calculated using daily temperature and precipitation data at 27 meteorological stations located across Saudi Arabia in line with the suggested procedure from the Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI) for the present climate (1986–2005) using 1981–2000 as the reference period. The results show that RegCM4 accurately captures the main features of temperature extremes found in surface observations. The results also show that RegCM4 with the CLM land–surface scheme performs better in the simulation of precipitation and minimum temperature, while the BATS scheme is better than CLM in simulating maximum temperature. Among the three CMIP5 models, the two best performing models are found to accurately reproduce the observations in calculating the extreme indices, while the other is not so successful. The reason for the good performance by these two models is that they successfully capture the circulation patterns and the humidity fields, which in turn influence the temperature and precipitation patterns that determine the extremes over the study region. Full article
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