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Article

21st Century Projections of Extreme Precipitation Indicators for Cyprus

1
Climate and Atmosphere Research Center, The Cyprus Institute, 2121 Nicosia, Cyprus
2
Energy, Environment and Water Research Center, The Cyprus Institute, 2121 Nicosia, Cyprus
3
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra ‘A. Desio’, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(4), 343; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11040343
Received: 3 March 2020 / Revised: 27 March 2020 / Accepted: 27 March 2020 / Published: 31 March 2020
According to observational and model-based studies, the eastern Mediterranean region is one of the most prominent climate-change hotspots in the world. The combined effect of warming and drying is expected to augment the regional impacts of global warming. In addition to changes in mean climatic conditions, global warming is likely to induce changes in several aspects of extreme rainfall such as duration and magnitude. In this context, we explore the impact of climate change on precipitation with the use of several indicators. We focus on Cyprus, a water-stressed island located in the eastern Mediterranean Basin. Our results are derived from a new high-resolution simulation for the 21st century, which is driven by a “business-as-usual” scenario. In addition to a strong temperature increase (up to 4.1 °C), our analysis highlights that, on average for the island, most extreme precipitation indicators decrease, suggesting a transition to much drier conditions. The absolute daily rainfall maxima exhibit strong local variability, indicating the need for high resolution simulations to understand the potential impacts on future flooding. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; Cyprus; Mediterranean; WRF; temperature; precipitation; dynamical downscaling; extremes climate change; Cyprus; Mediterranean; WRF; temperature; precipitation; dynamical downscaling; extremes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zittis, G.; Bruggeman, A.; Camera, C. 21st Century Projections of Extreme Precipitation Indicators for Cyprus. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 343. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11040343

AMA Style

Zittis G, Bruggeman A, Camera C. 21st Century Projections of Extreme Precipitation Indicators for Cyprus. Atmosphere. 2020; 11(4):343. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11040343

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zittis, George, Adriana Bruggeman, and Corrado Camera. 2020. "21st Century Projections of Extreme Precipitation Indicators for Cyprus" Atmosphere 11, no. 4: 343. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11040343

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