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Rapid Detection Systems

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 July 2013) | Viewed by 13085

Special Issue Editor

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Rapid detection typically refers to fast, accurate and reliable detection of specific targets with high sensitivity and specificity. One can find numerous examples of rapid detection systems in the literature and also commercial products. Rapid detection systems are particularly useful when dealing with targets such as those causing bacterial or viral infections, or environmental contamination. To illustrate what is meant by rapid detection systems, some simple system examples are provided below.

For diagnostic purposes, appropriate selection of test samples and reliable testing methods are some key issues in rapid detection of biological or environmental species of interest. In the example of avian influenza or bird flu, rapid detection of the virus is particularly relevant due to the complex organization of the poultry industry and the need for quick identification of the virus so it can be suitably contained, especially if the birds are being moved from farms in rural areas to trans-shipment locations or consumer outlets. In this example, if there is suspicion of an epidemic or an actual epidemic, then rapid and reliable detection of “biological” targets of bird flu using appropriate bioprobes is critical for accurate diagnosis and subsequent containment of the virus. Ideally, the detection systems should also be low cost, high sensitivity and specificity, and be able to process a large number of samples in parallel at the site of the outbreak. Scalability of the sample preparation and detection method is also important to reduce materials requirements (and cost) and improve testing/detection speed.

Rapid detection systems are need for a variety of applications including in the biological, chemical, environmental or agricultural fields. The detection system require appropriate sensors that can be DNA-based for genetic or disease monitoring, immunosensors for disease/drug testing or environmental monitoring, cell-based sensors, point-of-care sensors, bacterial, viral or enzyme sensors. The sensors may include different types of samples, transducers and interface electronics with the specifics of each part depending on what targets are to be sensed. In the case of a biosensor, we may need a sample analyte to provide the targets; immobilized DNA, cells, immunoagents or enzymes as the probes or bioreceptors; a transducer that could operate on electrochemical, potentiometric, amperometric, thermometric, magnetic, optical or piezoelectric principles; followed by the sensor interface electronics that would include signal acquisition, conditioning, processing and data storage systems.

The above sets of examples are for illustrative purposes for the range of topics and issues to be addressed in this special issue of the journal Applied Sciences on “Rapid Detection Systems”. The special issue aims to covers the latest advances in the development and use of any type of fast detection systems that are sensitive, specific and reliable for applications including detection of disease, drug testing, pollution testing and environmental monitoring etc. Well-written reviews of specific types rapid detection systems can also be submitted.

Prof. Dr. M. Jamal Deen
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • rapid sensing systems
  • rapid detection systems
  • agricultural sensor systems
  • biosensor systems
  • chemical sensor systems
  • environmental sensor systems
  • health or medical sensors
  • industrial sensor systems
  • modeling of sensor systems
  • nanosensor systems
  • scientific sensor systems
  • sensor testing
  • sensor system reliability
  • sensor interface electronics
  • sensor systems for consumer applications
  • sensor systems for smart grid
  • thermometric sensor systems

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Evaluation of Rapid Stain IDentification (RSID™) Reader System for Analysis and Documentation of RSID™ Tests
by Alexander Sinelnikov, Anna Kalinina, Jennifer B. Old, Pravatchai W. Boonlayangoor and Karl A. Reich
Appl. Sci. 2013, 3(3), 624-635; - 5 Aug 2013
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 12492
The ability to detect the presence of body fluids is a crucial first step in documenting and processing forensic evidence. The Rapid Stain IDentification (RSID™) tests for blood, saliva, semen and urine are lateral flow immunochromatographic strip tests specifically designed for forensic use. [...] Read more.
The ability to detect the presence of body fluids is a crucial first step in documenting and processing forensic evidence. The Rapid Stain IDentification (RSID™) tests for blood, saliva, semen and urine are lateral flow immunochromatographic strip tests specifically designed for forensic use. Like most lateral flow strips, the membrane components of the test are enclosed in a molded plastic cassette with a sample well and an observation window. No specialized equipment is required to use these tests or to score the results seen in the observation window; however, the utility of these tests can be enhanced if an electronic record of the test results can be obtained, preferably by a small hand-held device that could be used in the field under low light conditions. Such a device should also be able to “read” the lateral flow strips and accurately record the results of the test as either positive, i.e., the body fluid was detected, or negative, i.e., the body fluid was not detected. Here we describe the RSID™ Reader System—a ruggedized strip test reader unit that allows analysis and documentation of RSID™ lateral flow strip tests using pre-configured settings, and show that the RSID™ Reader can accurately and reproducibly report and record correct results from RSID™ blood, saliva, semen, and urine tests. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rapid Detection Systems)
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