Lean Thinking and Industry 5.0 Synergies: Case Studies, Industrial Scenarios and Future Perspectives

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 July 2023) | Viewed by 4085

Special Issue Editors

ALGORITMI R&D Center, Department of Production and Systems Engineering, University of Minho, Campus de Azurém, 4804–533 Guimarães, Portugal
Interests: lean production; eco-efficiency; sustainability; lean green; industrial engineering and management education
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
GOVCOPP, Department of Economics, Management, Industrial Engineering and Tourism, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
Interests: lean production; production planning and scheduling; production scheduling in human–robot collaboration; urban logistics; maritime logistics; supply chain management
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
GOVCOPP, Department of Economics, Management, Industrial Engineering and Tourism, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
Interests: sustainability in general; sustainable energy systems; sustainable industrial engineering and management; sustainable management systems: quality and sustainability; maintenance and sustainability; occupational health and safety and sustainability; sustainable energy; sustainable and lean production; circular economy
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Lean thinking is a fundamental mindset that arose from the Toyota company during World War II, under the name ‘Toyota Production System’. Contextualized by an environment of scarce resources and the low spirits of a society plagued by the consequences of war, this mindset allowed for transformational changes that helped recuperate losses from the war. Nowadays, society faces even more challenging times with the exacerbation of climate change, a global pandemic, several wars and overwhelming technological improvements provided by Industry 4.0 technologies, which can sometimes feel like living in a whirlwind where many people struggle to keep up with such technological advances. To overcome this, some initiatives were launched, such as Society 5.0 and Industry 5.0. These initiatives, if well-implemented, can lead to immensurable economic, social and sustainability benefits. However, it is fundamental to have the right mindset to successively drive these initiatives and societal transformations. For over seven decades, lean thinking principles have proven the capability of digital technology to provide societal growth, sustainable production and consumption, and physical and safety conditions for all stakeholders. It is also capable of promoting creativity, responsibility, resilience and critical thinking, preparing people for situations when digital technology malfunctions or disruptive events occur (e.g., pandemics, natural disasters and war).

Thus, lean thinking aligns well with the concepts of Society 5.0 and Industry 5.0. This alignment and synergy will provide a better world. In this context, the editors of this Special Issue are calling for submissions that report on case studies, action research, industry projects and literature reviews revealing the benefits of lean thinking principles and their integration in society. Lean thinking studies aligned with Society 5.0 and Industry 5.0 concepts that focus on various aspects of this topic are welcome (industry, healthcare, supply chain, services, higher education institutions, non-profit organizations, etc.).

Dr. Anabela Carvalho Alves
Dr. Maria Florentina Abreu
Dr. Carina Pimentel
Prof. Dr. João Carlos de Oliveira Matias
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • lean thinking
  • industry 5.0
  • case studies
  • action research
  • literature reviews

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

29 pages, 3792 KiB  
Article
Augmented Reality in a Lean Workplace at Smart Factories: A Case Study
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(16), 9120; https://doi.org/10.3390/app13169120 - 10 Aug 2023
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1278
Abstract
The last few years have seen a massive transformation of the global industrial landscape, thanks to the emergence of Industry 4.0 and the disruptive technologies it enables, such as Augmented Reality (AR). This paper presents the result of a project with the primary [...] Read more.
The last few years have seen a massive transformation of the global industrial landscape, thanks to the emergence of Industry 4.0 and the disruptive technologies it enables, such as Augmented Reality (AR). This paper presents the result of a project with the primary focus on enhancing the operators’ working conditions and the further definition of the most suitable AR for each material handling and motion process. To achieve this, a methodology called Risk Assessment for Ergonomics and Safety in Logistics (RAES-Log) was developed in order to analyse and define AR implementation requirements, in order to mitigate existing risks and improve ergonomic conditions. Utilizing a human-centric approach consistent with Lean Thinking and Industry 5.0 vision, the main aim was to reduce human effort during task performance. Furthermore, the potential for creating waste-free and more efficient workspaces was explored, as well as the possibility of Human Augmentation (HA) to enhance workers’ capabilities and senses. The workers’ opinions and acceptance of the proposed AR solutions resulting from the RAES-Log methodology in a case study were collected and analysed. The overall feedback was positive and it is expected a lower prevalence of work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD), less lost time days, and lower injury severity, as well as increased process efficiency, operator motivation, well-being and engagement in continuous improvement processes. Full article
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15 pages, 915 KiB  
Article
The Role of Competence Profiles in Industry 5.0-Related Vocational Education and Training: Exemplary Development of a Competence Profile for Industrial Logistics Engineering Education
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(5), 3280; https://doi.org/10.3390/app13053280 - 03 Mar 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1960
Abstract
Industry 5.0 and the associated transformation into Society 5.0 require a complete realignment of the skills required of the engineers of tomorrow. Thereby, the pre-dominant and policy-driven drivers of digitalization, and sustainability in particular, demand a complex variety of enhanced special competencies (e.g., [...] Read more.
Industry 5.0 and the associated transformation into Society 5.0 require a complete realignment of the skills required of the engineers of tomorrow. Thereby, the pre-dominant and policy-driven drivers of digitalization, and sustainability in particular, demand a complex variety of enhanced special competencies (e.g., lean thinking, data science skills) and transversal competencies from engineers working in manufacturing companies which must be systematically developed and continuously expanded. Since methodical approaches to systematic competence development in the environment of Industry 5.0-related engineering education are scarce, this article develops a competence profile for industrial logistics engineering education as an example of Industry 5.0-related vocational education and training initiatives. After elaborating on the relevant theoretical aspects of systematic competence development in adult education, an exemplary competence profile for industrial logistics engineering education is developed. Moreover, this paper presents a preliminary investigation of the impact of competencies on job performance and job satisfaction. The research results serve as a basis for the development of new teaching and learning concepts as well as for the investigation of causal relationships between competence-orientation and individual performance for industrial engineers in manufacturing enterprises. Full article
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