Special Issue "2018 HYPOTHESIS XIII: Hydrogen Power Theoretical and Engineering Solutions International Symposium"

A special issue of ChemEngineering (ISSN 2305-7084).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (13 October 2018)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Massimiliano Lo Faro

Italian National Research Council (CNR), Institute for advanced energy technologies "Nicola Giordano" (ITAE), Messina, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: electrochemistry of solid oxide electrochemical devices, including fuel cells, electrolyzers, batteries, sensors, and devices for the abatement of pollutants; development of new materials for electrodes and electrolytes
Guest Editor
Dr. Pietro Staiti

Italian National Research Council (CNR) - Institute for advanced energy technologies "Nicola Giordano" (ITAE), Messina, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: conversion of chemical energy (mainly hydrogen) to electricity through the development of materials for low temperature fuel cells; storage of electricity through electrochemical capacitors
Guest Editor
Dr. Orazio Di Blasi

Italian National Research Council (CNR) - Institute for advanced energy technologies "Nicola Giordano" (ITAE), Messina, Italy
E-Mail
Interests: reforming of hydrocarbons; storage of energy through flow batteries
Guest Editor
Dr. Sabrina Campagna Zignani

Italian National Research Council (CNR) - Institute for advanced energy technologies "Nicola Giordano" (ITAE), Messina, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: conversion of ethanol to energy through fuel cells operating at low, medium, and high temperatures

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

HYPOTHESIS, the series conference on HYdrogen POwer THeoretical and Engineering Solutions, every year goes around the world to share the latest knowledge developed in the field of hydrogen and its related technologies. This year HYPOTHESIS XIII will be held for the first time in Asia, in Singapore.

With these premises, authors and readers of this ChemEngineering Special Issue on HYPOTHESIS XIII are part of this enthusiastic community.

Dr. Massimiliano Lo Faro
Dr. Pietro Staiti
Dr. Orazio Di Blasi
Dr. Sabrina Campagna Zignani
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. ChemEngineering is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) is waived for well-prepared manuscripts submitted to this issue. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • hydrogen
  • fuel cell
  • energy system
  • energy policy
  • national programs
  • international programs
  • catalysts, electrocatalysts
  • electrolysis, reforming, membranes, infrastructure, refueling
  • storage, modelling, simulation, nanomaterials
  • safety
  • power to gas

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Illustrative Case Study on the Performance and Optimization of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell
ChemEngineering 2019, 3(1), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemengineering3010023
Received: 31 October 2018 / Revised: 9 February 2019 / Accepted: 27 February 2019 / Published: 2 March 2019
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Abstract
Modeling is a powerful tool for the design and development of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). This study presents a one-dimensional, two-phase mathematical model of PEMFC to investigate the two-phase transport process, gas species transport flow and water crossover fluxes. The model [...] Read more.
Modeling is a powerful tool for the design and development of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). This study presents a one-dimensional, two-phase mathematical model of PEMFC to investigate the two-phase transport process, gas species transport flow and water crossover fluxes. The model reduces the computational time for PEMFC design with guaranteed accuracy. Analysis results show that the concentration and activation overpotentials of the cell decrease with the increase of operation pressure, which result in enhanced cell performance. Proper oxygen stoichiometry ratio in the cathode decreases the cell activation overpotential and is favorable for performance improvement. The cell ohmic resistance correspondingly increases with the increase of catalyst layer thickness, which leads to a deteriorated cell performance. The improvement on cell performance could be facilitated by decreasing the membrane thickness. Predicted results show that the present model is a useful tool for the design optimization of practical PEMFCs. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Experimental Demonstration and Validation of Hydrogen Production Based on Gasification of Lignocellulosic Feedstock
ChemEngineering 2018, 2(4), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemengineering2040061
Received: 28 October 2018 / Revised: 20 November 2018 / Accepted: 6 December 2018 / Published: 11 December 2018
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Abstract
The worldwide production of hydrogen in 2010 was estimated to be approximately 50 Mt/a, mostly based on fossil fuels. By using lignocellulosic feedstock, an environmentally friendly hydrogen production route can be established. A flow sheet simulation for a biomass based hydrogen production plant [...] Read more.
The worldwide production of hydrogen in 2010 was estimated to be approximately 50 Mt/a, mostly based on fossil fuels. By using lignocellulosic feedstock, an environmentally friendly hydrogen production route can be established. A flow sheet simulation for a biomass based hydrogen production plant was published in a previous work. The plant layout consisted of a dual fluidized bed gasifier including a gas cooler and a dust filter. Subsequently, a water gas shift plant was installed to enhance the hydrogen yield and a biodiesel scrubber was used to remove tars and water from the syngas. CO2 was removed and the gas was compressed to separate hydrogen in a pressure swing adsorption. A steam reformer was used to reform the hydrocarbon-rich tail gas of the pressure swing adsorption and increase the hydrogen yield. Based on this work, a research facility was erected and the results were validated. These results were used to upscale the research plant to a 10 MW fuel feed scale. A validation of the system showed a chemical efficiency of the system of 60% and an overall efficiency of 55%, which indicates the high potential of this technology. Full article
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