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Adherence to Urban Agriculture in Order to Reach Sustainable Cities; a BWM–WASPAS Approach

Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood 3619995161, Iran
Smart Cities 2019, 2(1), 31-45; https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities2010003
Received: 29 December 2018 / Revised: 24 January 2019 / Accepted: 25 January 2019 / Published: 27 January 2019
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Abstract

Today, the uncontrolled urban expansion and ever-increasing rise of construction have caused the need for food, urban greenery, and a healthy environment to be felt more than any other time. On the other hand, population growth and the reduced production of agricultural products and food have jeopardized food security in urban areas, which will endanger the sustainable development of cities. However, the main problem, in which many societies are involved, is how to respond to these needs in a sustainable way. One of the ways of responding to these dilemmas in large cities is the purposeful implementation of urban agriculture. Urban agriculture development, as an important issue, requires the adoption of fundamental and logical policies. In this regard, this research was conducted to evaluate the extent of adherence to urban agriculture in Iran’s eight densely populated cities using a new combined approach of the best–worst method (BWM) and weighted aggregated sum product assessment (WASPAS). The results indicated that urban agriculture still has a long way to go and should be considered more seriously. Moreover, vertical farming has been suggested as one of the ways of promoting urban agriculture in the country and smoothing the way to sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban agriculture; sustainable development; best–worst method (BWM); weighted aggregated sum product assessment (WASPAS); vertical farming urban agriculture; sustainable development; best–worst method (BWM); weighted aggregated sum product assessment (WASPAS); vertical farming
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kolagar, M. Adherence to Urban Agriculture in Order to Reach Sustainable Cities; a BWM–WASPAS Approach. Smart Cities 2019, 2, 31-45.

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