Next Issue
Previous Issue

Table of Contents

Vibration, Volume 1, Issue 2 (December 2018)

  • Issues are regarded as officially published after their release is announced to the table of contents alert mailing list.
  • You may sign up for e-mail alerts to receive table of contents of newly released issues.
  • PDF is the official format for papers published in both, html and pdf forms. To view the papers in pdf format, click on the "PDF Full-text" link, and use the free Adobe Readerexternal link to open them.
View options order results:
result details:
Displaying articles 1-6
Export citation of selected articles as:
Open AccessArticle Friction-Induced Vibrations during Tightening of Bolted Joints—Analytical and Experimental Results
Vibration 2018, 1(2), 312-337; https://doi.org/10.3390/vibration1020021
Received: 25 October 2018 / Revised: 30 November 2018 / Accepted: 3 December 2018 / Published: 5 December 2018
Viewed by 241 | PDF Full-text (14125 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Bolted joints are one of the most used machine elements. Holding together structures of all sizes, the integrity rests on their shoulders. Thus, an accurate and reliable assembly of the joint is crucial. While it is the aim to not experience friction-induced vibrations
[...] Read more.
Bolted joints are one of the most used machine elements. Holding together structures of all sizes, the integrity rests on their shoulders. Thus, an accurate and reliable assembly of the joint is crucial. While it is the aim to not experience friction-induced vibrations at all, at some situations, it is unavoidable. These cases, however, have yet been out of the focus of control algorithms due to the volatile nature of the process. This contribution delivers analytical and experimental results for the occurrence of friction-induced vibrations during tightening of bolted joints. Previous findings of system characteristic constants could be validated, which can be used to monitor the tightening process even while strong vibrations during the tightening process occur. Additionally, a real-time algorithm is presented which allows for an advanced process monitoring and control by identifying process characteristics based on which predictions of the process can be made. These measures significantly improve the capabilities to reach the target values of the tightening process. Full article
Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessArticle Sensitivity of the Vertical Response of Footbridges to the Frequency Variability of Crossing Pedestrians
Vibration 2018, 1(2), 290-311; https://doi.org/10.3390/vibration1020020
Received: 10 October 2018 / Revised: 22 November 2018 / Accepted: 26 November 2018 / Published: 30 November 2018
Viewed by 183 | PDF Full-text (700 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Contemporary design codes and guides for vibration serviceability assessment include some simplifications in load modelling. The same statistical distribution of the inter-pedestrian variability of the step interval (frequency) is proposed for all applications. Moreover, walking loads are considered to be periodic. The intra-pedestrian
[...] Read more.
Contemporary design codes and guides for vibration serviceability assessment include some simplifications in load modelling. The same statistical distribution of the inter-pedestrian variability of the step interval (frequency) is proposed for all applications. Moreover, walking loads are considered to be periodic. The intra-pedestrian variability of the step interval is neglected. A more realistic load modelling trying to overcome the limitations of the codes is intended in this paper. Instead of a single mean value of the inter-pedestrian distribution of walking speed, a range of possible variation, which account for the real variations that occur in practice depending on the footbridge location and usage, is considered. An enhanced model is proposed in this paper to reproduce statistically both the intra- and inter-pedestrian variability of the step interval as a function of the walking speed distribution. This innovative model is then applied to study the sensitivity of the vertical response of footbridges to the variability of the step interval and to evaluate the influence of the aforementioned simplifications on the predicted characteristic responses. For this purpose, low-frequency footbridges excited by single-pedestrian crossings are chosen. The response is statistically characterized through Monte Carlo numerical simulations including 720 different configurations and 10,000 load cases in each configuration. Results of the study provide an overview of the influence of the footbridge and load parameters on the responses, which can be useful in practical applications where human–structure interactions are negligible. As for the simplifications of the codes, it is found that either using a single distribution to model the inter-pedestrian variability of the spatiotemporal parameters or neglecting the intra-pedestrian variability can lead to a significant underestimation of the characteristic response of footbridges. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vibration Serviceability of Civil Engineering Structures)
Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessArticle Motion-Based Design of Passive Damping Devices to Mitigate Wind-Induced Vibrations in Stay Cables
Vibration 2018, 1(2), 269-289; https://doi.org/10.3390/vibration1020019
Received: 2 September 2018 / Revised: 22 October 2018 / Accepted: 7 November 2018 / Published: 12 November 2018
Viewed by 189 | PDF Full-text (4684 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Wind action can induce large amplitude vibrations in the stay cables of bridges. To reduce the vibration level of these structural elements, different types of passive damping devices are usually installed. In this paper, a motion-based design method is proposed and implemented in
[...] Read more.
Wind action can induce large amplitude vibrations in the stay cables of bridges. To reduce the vibration level of these structural elements, different types of passive damping devices are usually installed. In this paper, a motion-based design method is proposed and implemented in order to achieve the optimum design of different passive damping devices for stay cables under wind action. According to this method, the design problem is transformed into an optimization problem. Thus, its main aim is to minimize the different terms of a multi-objective function, considering as design variables the characteristic parameters of each considered passive damping device. The multi-objective function is defined in terms of the scaled characteristic parameters, one single-function for each parameter, and an additional function that checks the compliance of the considered design criterion. Genetic algorithms are considered as a global optimization method. Three passive damping devices have been studied herein: viscous, elastomeric and friction dampers. As a benchmark structure, the Alamillo bridge (Seville, Spain), is considered in order to validate the performance of the proposed method. Finally, the parameters of the damping devices designed according to this proposal are successfully compared with the results provided by a conventional design method. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vibration Serviceability of Civil Engineering Structures)
Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessArticle A Robust Methodology for the Reconstruction of the Vertical Pedestrian-Induced Load from the Registered Body Motion
Vibration 2018, 1(2), 250-268; https://doi.org/10.3390/vibration1020018
Received: 4 July 2018 / Revised: 29 October 2018 / Accepted: 31 October 2018 / Published: 7 November 2018
Viewed by 203 | PDF Full-text (1366 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This paper proposes a methodology to reconstruct the vertical GRFs from the registered body motion that is reasonably robust against measurement noise. The vertical GRFs are reconstructed from the experimentally identified time-variant pacing rate and a generalised single-step load model available in the
[...] Read more.
This paper proposes a methodology to reconstruct the vertical GRFs from the registered body motion that is reasonably robust against measurement noise. The vertical GRFs are reconstructed from the experimentally identified time-variant pacing rate and a generalised single-step load model available in the literature. The proposed methodology only requires accurately capturing the body motion within the frequency range 1–10 Hz and does not rely on the exact magnitude of the registered signal. The methodology can therefore also be applied when low-cost sensors are used and to minimize the impact of soft-tissue artefacts. In addition, the proposed procedure can be applied regardless of the position of the sensor on the human body, as long as the recorded body motion allows for identifying the time of a nominally identical event in successive walking cycles. The methodology is illustrated by a numerical example and applied to an experimental dataset where the ground reaction forces and the body motion were registered simultaneously. The results show that the proposed methodology allows for arriving at a good estimate of the vertical ground reaction forces. When the impact of soft-tissue artefacts is low, a comparable estimate can be obtained using Newton’s second law of motion. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vibration Serviceability of Civil Engineering Structures)
Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessArticle A Vibrometer Based on Magnetorheological Optical Resonators
Vibration 2018, 1(2), 239-249; https://doi.org/10.3390/vibration1020017
Received: 23 August 2018 / Revised: 21 September 2018 / Accepted: 9 October 2018 / Published: 17 October 2018
Viewed by 383 | PDF Full-text (3412 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This paper addresses the feasibility of an optical vibrometer that is based on the shift of the optical modes, also known as whispering gallery modes (WGMs), of a magnetorheological optical resonator. The optical resonator that is used in this study is fabricated by
[...] Read more.
This paper addresses the feasibility of an optical vibrometer that is based on the shift of the optical modes, also known as whispering gallery modes (WGMs), of a magnetorheological optical resonator. The optical resonator that is used in this study is fabricated by mixing polyvinyl chloride plastisol with magnetically polarizable particles. When a permanent magnet that is located nearby the optical resonator is moved, it induces a perturbation of the morphology of the resonator, due to the magnetostrictive effect. This change in the morphology induces a shift in the optical modes of the resonator. The shift of the optical modes can be related to the displacement of the permanent magnet. The proposed sensor concept is based on monitoring the displacement of a tiny magnet that is attached to a moving surface. The optical quality factor of the resonator used in these studies was of the order of 106. The experimental results show a sensitivity of 0.32 pm/μm and a resolution that is less than 300 nm. Full article
Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessArticle Evaluation of Shock Detection Algorithm for Road Vehicle Vibration Analysis
Vibration 2018, 1(2), 220-238; https://doi.org/10.3390/vibration1020016
Received: 4 September 2018 / Revised: 1 October 2018 / Accepted: 6 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
Viewed by 357 | PDF Full-text (7939 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The ability to characterize shocks which occur during road transport is a vital prerequisite for the design of optimized protective packaging, which can assist in reducing cost and waste related to products and good transport. Many methods have been developed to detect shocks
[...] Read more.
The ability to characterize shocks which occur during road transport is a vital prerequisite for the design of optimized protective packaging, which can assist in reducing cost and waste related to products and good transport. Many methods have been developed to detect shocks buried in road vehicle vibration signals, but none has yet considered the nonstationary nature of vehicle vibration and how, individually, they fail to accurately detect shocks. Using machine learning, several shock detection methods can be combined, and the reliability and accuracy of shock detection can also be improved. This paper presents how these methods can be integrated into four different machine learning algorithms (Decision Tree, k-Nearest Neighbors, Bagged Ensemble, and Support Vector Machine). The Pseudo-Energy Ratio/Fall-Out (PERFO) curve, a novel classification assessment tool, is also introduced to calibrate the algorithms and compare their detection performance. In the context of shock detection, the PERFO curve has an advantage over classical assessment tools, such as the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve, as it gives more importance to high-amplitude shocks. Full article
Figures

Figure 1

Vibration EISSN 2571-631X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top