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Melioidosis in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA
2
Department of Pathology, Sealy Center for Vaccine Development, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3(1), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3010024
Received: 21 December 2017 / Revised: 19 February 2018 / Accepted: 21 February 2018 / Published: 26 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Burden and Challenges of Melioidosis)
Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis, an endemic disease in tropical areas around the world. Cumulative human cases have demonstrated that melioidosis is prevalent and increasingly recognized in the American continent. Even though the first reports of melioidosis in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands date back to the late 1940s, the potential of the disease as a public health concern in the region has not been fully appreciated. Unfortunately, recent studies predicting the global distribution of the disease and the demonstration of melioidosis endemicity in Puerto Rico have not increased recognition of the disease by health professionals in this region. Furthermore, a lack of both diagnostic capacity and awareness of the disease has resulted in a limited number of studies that have attempted to accurately determine its prevalence and geographical distribution. In this review, a summary of reported cases in the countries of this region are presented, as well as recommendations to increase the diagnosis and awareness of the disease as an important public health problem in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean islands. View Full-Text
Keywords: Burkholderia pseudomallei; melioidosis; Mexico; Central America; Caribbean; epidemiology; awareness Burkholderia pseudomallei; melioidosis; Mexico; Central America; Caribbean; epidemiology; awareness
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Sanchez-Villamil, J.I.; Torres, A.G. Melioidosis in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3, 24.

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