Next Article in Journal
Gender as a Determining Factor in the Family History and Development of the McGee Family
Next Article in Special Issue
A “Fishy Tale”? The Fisher Hugheses of Pittenweem, Fife, Scotland: Oral tradition to Documented Genealogy
Previous Article in Journal
Keeping the Culture of Death Alive: One Hundred Years of a Japanese American’s Family Mortuary
Open AccessConference Report

Americans and Return Migrants in the 1881 Scottish Census

Postgraduate Programme in Genealogical, Paleographic and Heraldic Studies, Centre for Lifelong Learning, University of Strathclyde, 40 George Street, Glasgow, G1 1QE, UK
Genealogy 2017, 1(3), 16;
Received: 3 May 2017 / Revised: 27 June 2017 / Accepted: 12 July 2017 / Published: 15 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Professionalizing Genealogy and Genealogical Research)
This article reveals basic demographic information on Americans and Scottish return migrant parents of the 1321 American children listed in the 1881 Scottish census and investigates reasons for return migration from America to Scotland. Census information was downloaded into an Excel spreadsheet and data including occupation, age, relation to head of household, place of residence and length of time back in Scotland, were counted and listed. General causes of return migration are explored and specific reasons for migrants, especially coal miners, to return to Scotland are briefly touched upon; covering the economic downturn in America during the mid-1870s and tensions towards immigrants in the United States during this period. The results of a deeper genealogical study of four families are reported. More than two-thirds of the parents of American children listed were Scottish with others primarily Irish and English. There was a wide range of occupations with construction and coal mining having the greatest numbers. Most families were living in Lanarkshire and Midlothian but 28 other Scottish counties were found as places of residence. Further research is needed to identify whether American children and their Scottish families are represented in other census years. View Full-Text
Keywords: return migration; immigration; United States of America; genealogy return migration; immigration; United States of America; genealogy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

McCabe, T.L. Americans and Return Migrants in the 1881 Scottish Census. Genealogy 2017, 1, 16.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop