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The Necessity of Recycling of Waste Li-Ion Batteries Used in Electric Vehicles as Objects Posing a Threat to Human Health and the Environment

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Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
2
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sascha Nowak and Akira Otsuki
Recycling 2021, 6(2), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling6020035
Received: 13 April 2021 / Revised: 28 May 2021 / Accepted: 29 May 2021 / Published: 1 June 2021
The automotive industry is one of the fastest-growing sectors of the modern economy. Growing customer expectations, implementing solutions related to electromobility, and increasingly stringent legal restrictions in the field of environmental protection, determine the development and introduction of innovative technologies in the field of car production. To power the most modern vehicles that include electric and hybrid cars, packages of various types of lithium-ion cells are used, the number of which is constantly growing. After use, these batteries, due to their complex chemical composition, constitute hazardous waste that is difficult to manage and must be recycled in modern technological lines. The article presents the morphological characteristics of the currently used types of Li-ion cells, and the threats to the safety of people and the environment that may occur in the event of improper use of Li-ion batteries and accumulators have been identified and described on the basis of the Regulation of the European Parliament and Council (EC) No. 1272/2008 of 16 December 2008 and No. 1907/2006 of 18 December 2006 on the classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures and the registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction of chemicals (REACH), establishing the European Chemicals Agency. View Full-Text
Keywords: Li-ion batteries; recycling of lithium-ion batteries; electric vehicles; electromobility; environmental protection Li-ion batteries; recycling of lithium-ion batteries; electric vehicles; electromobility; environmental protection
MDPI and ACS Style

Sobianowska-Turek, A.; Urbańska, W.; Janicka, A.; Zawiślak, M.; Matla, J. The Necessity of Recycling of Waste Li-Ion Batteries Used in Electric Vehicles as Objects Posing a Threat to Human Health and the Environment. Recycling 2021, 6, 35. https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling6020035

AMA Style

Sobianowska-Turek A, Urbańska W, Janicka A, Zawiślak M, Matla J. The Necessity of Recycling of Waste Li-Ion Batteries Used in Electric Vehicles as Objects Posing a Threat to Human Health and the Environment. Recycling. 2021; 6(2):35. https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling6020035

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sobianowska-Turek, Agnieszka, Weronika Urbańska, Anna Janicka, Maciej Zawiślak, and Jędrzej Matla. 2021. "The Necessity of Recycling of Waste Li-Ion Batteries Used in Electric Vehicles as Objects Posing a Threat to Human Health and the Environment" Recycling 6, no. 2: 35. https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling6020035

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