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Therapeutic Uses of Wild Plants by Rural Inhabitants of Maraog Region in District Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
 
 
Article

Documentation of Commonly Used Ethnoveterinary Medicines from Wild Plants of the High Mountains in Shimla District, Himachal Pradesh, India

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School of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, Solan 173229, India
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Chemical and Biochemical Processing Division, ICAR—Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, Mumbai 400019, India
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School of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, Solan 173229, India
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Department of Zoology Saradar Vallabhbhai Patel, Cluster University, Mandi 175001, India
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MS Swaminathan School of Agriculture, Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, Solan 173229, India
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Department of Food, Nutrition and Packaging Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
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School of Basic and Applied Sciences, Sanskriti University, Mathura 281401, India
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Department of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Amrita School of Agricultural Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University, Coimbatore 642109, India
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Department of Agronomy, Amrita School of Agricultural Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University, Coimbatore 642109, India
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Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo P.O. Box 138, Ethiopia
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Division of Horticulture, RCSM College of Agriculture, Kolhapur 416004, India
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Dr. S. S. Bhatnagar University Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014, India
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HCP Division, ICAR—Central Institute of Post-Harvest Engineering and Technology, Abohar 152116, India
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ICAR—National Research Centre on Pomegranate, Solapur 413255, India
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Division of Crop Physiology, Biochemistry and Post-Harvest Technology, ICAR—Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla 171001, India
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ICAR—National Research Centre for Orchids, Pakyong 737106, India
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Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif 21944, Saudi Arabia
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Biology Department, Faculty of Science, King Khalid University, Abha 61421, Saudi Arabia
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Zoology Department, College of Science, Damanhour University, Damanhour 22511, Egypt
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Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Pharmacy Program, Batterjee Medical College, Jeddah 21442, Saudi Arabia
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Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41522, Egypt
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Boris Duralija, Ksenija Karlović and Dario Kremer
Horticulturae 2021, 7(10), 351; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100351
Received: 30 August 2021 / Revised: 17 September 2021 / Accepted: 20 September 2021 / Published: 1 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Prospects of Using Wild Plant Species in Horticulture)
The aim of current study is to provide a significant traditional knowledge on wild medicines used for ethnoveterinary purposes in the rural area of Maraog region in district Shimla. The medicinal plants have played a significant role in the treatment of human as well as animal’s diseases. The rural people of the Maraog region were interviewed through a questionnaire and extensive field surveys were conducted from June 2020 to July 2021. The discussion, observations and interviews were conducted in study site and included 96 informants. The information gathered from the residents is presented in a table format and includes scientific and local names, different parts used, diseases treated and mode administration. The most commonly used taxa are calculated with used value. The study revealed 100 plants in which trees (7), shrubs (26), herbs (56), ferns (5), grasses (3) and climbers (3) were identified. The most commonly documented livestock diseases were found to be hoof infections, eyes infections, poisoning and skin infections. In the current study, the Rosaceae family was reported as being the highest number (11), followed by Asteraceae (10) and then Lamiaceae (6). It was found that leaves, roots, flowers and fruits are the commonly used parts for ethnoveterinary medications. The phytochemicals present in the plant, such as alkaloids, sterols, glycosides, flavonoids, lignin, coumarins and terpenoids, etc., may be responsible for their medicinal properties. In this documentation, it was observed that the younger generation does not have good knowledge of medicinal plants as compared to the older ones. Therefore, it is necessary to preserve the traditional knowledge of these medicinal plants before their permanent loss. The documentation and conservation of medicinal plants can be a good start for novel phytopharmacological research in the veterinary field. View Full-Text
Keywords: therapeutic uses; ethnoveterinary plants; rural people; livestock therapeutic uses; ethnoveterinary plants; rural people; livestock
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MDPI and ACS Style

Prakash, P.; Radha; Kumar, M.; Pundir, A.; Puri, S.; Prakash, S.; Kumari, N.; Thakur, M.; Rathour, S.; Jamwal, R.; Janjua, S.; Ali, M.; Bangar, S.P.; Singh, C.; Chandran, D.; Rajalingam, S.; Senapathy, M.; Dhumal, S.; Singh, S.; Samota, M.K.; Damale, R.D.; Changan, S.; Natta, S.; Alblihed, M.; El-kott, A.F.; Abdel-Daim, M.M. Documentation of Commonly Used Ethnoveterinary Medicines from Wild Plants of the High Mountains in Shimla District, Himachal Pradesh, India. Horticulturae 2021, 7, 351. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100351

AMA Style

Prakash P, Radha, Kumar M, Pundir A, Puri S, Prakash S, Kumari N, Thakur M, Rathour S, Jamwal R, Janjua S, Ali M, Bangar SP, Singh C, Chandran D, Rajalingam S, Senapathy M, Dhumal S, Singh S, Samota MK, Damale RD, Changan S, Natta S, Alblihed M, El-kott AF, Abdel-Daim MM. Documentation of Commonly Used Ethnoveterinary Medicines from Wild Plants of the High Mountains in Shimla District, Himachal Pradesh, India. Horticulturae. 2021; 7(10):351. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100351

Chicago/Turabian Style

Prakash, Pramod, Radha, Manoj Kumar, Ashok Pundir, Sunil Puri, Suraj Prakash, Neeraj Kumari, Mamta Thakur, Sonia Rathour, Radhika Jamwal, Salena Janjua, Mansoor Ali, Sneh Punia Bangar, Chhatarpal Singh, Deepak Chandran, Sureshkumar Rajalingam, Marisennayya Senapathy, Sangram Dhumal, Surinder Singh, Mahesh Kumar Samota, Rahul D. Damale, Sushil Changan, Suman Natta, Mohamd Alblihed, Attalla F. El-kott, and Mohamed M. Abdel-Daim. 2021. "Documentation of Commonly Used Ethnoveterinary Medicines from Wild Plants of the High Mountains in Shimla District, Himachal Pradesh, India" Horticulturae 7, no. 10: 351. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100351

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