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Review

Prospects of Nanotechnology in Improving the Productivity and Quality of Horticultural Crops

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Department of Horticulture, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
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Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamycka 129, 165 00 Prague, Czech Republic
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Department of Plant Physiology, Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 01 Nitra, Slovakia
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Bangladesh Wheat and Maize Research Institute, Dinajpur 5200, Bangladesh
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Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (IBGE), Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Azam Noori
Horticulturae 2021, 7(10), 332; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100332
Received: 12 August 2021 / Revised: 13 September 2021 / Accepted: 18 September 2021 / Published: 22 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of Nanoparticles on Horticultural Crops)
Nanotechnology shows high promise in the improvement of agricultural productivity thus aiding future food security. In horticulture, maintaining quality as well as limiting the spoilage of harvested fruit and vegetables is a very challenging task. Various kinds of nanomaterials have shown high potential for increasing productivity, enhancing shelf-life, reducing post-harvest damage and improving the quality of horticultural crops. Antimicrobial nanomaterials as nanofilm on harvested products and/or on packaging materials are suitable for the storage and transportation of vegetables and fruits. Nanomaterials also increase the vitality of the cut flower. Nanofertilizers are target-specific, slow releasing and highly efficient in increasing vegetative growth, pollination and fertility in flowers, resulting in increased yield and improved product quality for fruit trees and vegetables. Formulated nanopesticides are target-specific, eco-friendly and highly efficient. Nanosensors facilitate up-to-date monitoring of growth, plant disease, and pest attack in crop plants under field conditions. These novel sensors are used to precisely identify the soil moisture, humidity, population of crop pests, pesticide residues and figure out nutrient requirements. This review aimed to provide an update on the recent advancement of nanomaterials and their potential uses for enhancing productivity, quality of products, protection from pests and reduction of the postharvest losses of the horticultural crops. This study reveals that nanotechnology could be used to generate cutting-edge techniques towards promoting productivity and quality of horticultural crops to ensure food and nutritional security of ever-increasing population of the world. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoencapsulation; biosensor; nutrient use efficiency; nanofilm; climate-smart agriculture nanoencapsulation; biosensor; nutrient use efficiency; nanofilm; climate-smart agriculture
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rana, R.A.; Siddiqui, M.N.; Skalicky, M.; Brestic, M.; Hossain, A.; Kayesh, E.; Popov, M.; Hejnak, V.; Gupta, D.R.; Mahmud, N.U.; Islam, T. Prospects of Nanotechnology in Improving the Productivity and Quality of Horticultural Crops. Horticulturae 2021, 7, 332. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100332

AMA Style

Rana RA, Siddiqui MN, Skalicky M, Brestic M, Hossain A, Kayesh E, Popov M, Hejnak V, Gupta DR, Mahmud NU, Islam T. Prospects of Nanotechnology in Improving the Productivity and Quality of Horticultural Crops. Horticulturae. 2021; 7(10):332. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100332

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rana, Ruhul A., Md. N. Siddiqui, Milan Skalicky, Marian Brestic, Akbar Hossain, Emrul Kayesh, Marek Popov, Vaclav Hejnak, Dipali R. Gupta, Nur U. Mahmud, and Tofazzal Islam. 2021. "Prospects of Nanotechnology in Improving the Productivity and Quality of Horticultural Crops" Horticulturae 7, no. 10: 332. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7100332

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