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Review

Irrigation of Greenhouse Crops

1
Department of Agriculture Crop Production and Rural Environment, School of Agricultural Sciences, University of Thessaly, Fytokou Str., 38446 Volos, Greece
2
Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Agricultural Research Institute, 1516 Nicosia, Cyprus
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Horticulturae 2019, 5(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae5010007
Received: 29 November 2018 / Revised: 23 December 2018 / Accepted: 29 December 2018 / Published: 15 January 2019
Precision agricultural greenhouse systems indicate considerable scope for improvement of irrigation management practices, since growers typically irrigate crops based on their personal experience. Soil-based greenhouse crop irrigation management requires estimation on a daily basis, whereas soilless systems must be estimated on an hourly or even shorter interval schedule. Historically, irrigation scheduling methods have been based on soil or substrate monitoring, dependent on climate or time with each having both strengths and weaknesses. Recently, plant-based monitoring or plant reflectance-derived indices have been developed, yet their potential is limited for estimating the irrigation rate in order to apply proper irrigation scheduling. Optimization of irrigation practices imposes different irrigation approaches, based on prevailing greenhouse environments, considering plant-water-soil relationships. This article presents a comprehensive review of the literature, which deals with irrigation scheduling approaches applied for soil and soilless greenhouse production systems. Irrigation decisions are categorized according to whether or not an automatic irrigation control has the ability to support a feedback irrigation decision system. The need for further development of neural networks systems is required. View Full-Text
Keywords: accumulated radiation method; feedback irrigation system; fuzzy control system; irrigation dose; precision irrigation; phyto-sensing; soilless culture; transpiration; water use efficiency accumulated radiation method; feedback irrigation system; fuzzy control system; irrigation dose; precision irrigation; phyto-sensing; soilless culture; transpiration; water use efficiency
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nikolaou, G.; Neocleous, D.; Katsoulas, N.; Kittas, C. Irrigation of Greenhouse Crops. Horticulturae 2019, 5, 7. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae5010007

AMA Style

Nikolaou G, Neocleous D, Katsoulas N, Kittas C. Irrigation of Greenhouse Crops. Horticulturae. 2019; 5(1):7. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae5010007

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nikolaou, Georgios, Damianos Neocleous, Nikolaos Katsoulas, and Constantinos Kittas. 2019. "Irrigation of Greenhouse Crops" Horticulturae 5, no. 1: 7. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae5010007

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