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Open AccessCase Report

A Case of Sebaceous Adenitis and Concurrent Meibomian Gland Dysfunction in a Dog

1
Servizi Dermatologici Veterinari, 20131 Milan, Italy
2
Veterinary Ophthalmology Referrals, Centro Veterinario Torinese, 10153 Turin, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vet. Sci. 2020, 7(2), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci7020037
Received: 13 March 2020 / Revised: 30 March 2020 / Accepted: 31 March 2020 / Published: 2 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Clinical Veterinary Medicine)
Sebaceous adenitis and concurrent meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) were diagnosed in a two-year-old mongrel dog presenting with hypotrichosis, exfoliative dermatitis and blepharitis. Diagnosis of sebaceous adenitis was based on history, clinical signs, the histological demonstration of multifocal lymphohistiocytic and neutrophilic inflammation targeting the sebaceous glands and sebaceous glands loss. MGD was diagnosed by non-contact infrared meibography followed by tear film lipid layer interferometric evaluation. Ciclosporin and sebolytic shampoos controlled the dermatological condition, while doxycycline, warm compresses, palpebral massages and tobramycin/dexamethasone ointment controlled the blepharitis. This case report should stimulate clinicians to investigate MGD in dogs suffering from sebaceous adenitis, because the meibomian and sebaceous glands share similar anatomy and physiology.
Keywords: meibomian gland dysfunction; meibomitis; sebaceous adenitis meibomian gland dysfunction; meibomitis; sebaceous adenitis
MDPI and ACS Style

Sartori, R.; Peruccio, C. A Case of Sebaceous Adenitis and Concurrent Meibomian Gland Dysfunction in a Dog. Vet. Sci. 2020, 7, 37.

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