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Open AccessCase Report
Vet. Sci. 2014, 1(3), 150-158;

Fatal Canine Leptospirosis on St. Kitts

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 334, Basseterre, West Indies,St. Kitts
Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ 85308, USA
Banfield Pet Hospital, 10520 Trinity Parkway, Stockton, CA 95219, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 July 2014 / Revised: 26 September 2014 / Accepted: 29 September 2014 / Published: 20 October 2014
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Through prospective enrollment of canine patients at the Ross University Veterinary Clinic, on St. Kitts, four cases of acute fatal leptospirosis were diagnosed. Clinical, pathological, and diagnostic findings in these cases are summarized in this case series. Icterus, thrombocytopenia, hyperphosphatemia, pulmonary hemorrhage, and both hepatocellular and renal damage were noted in all four cases. Interestingly, extensive myocardial involvement was also observed in one case. To our knowledge, this is the first documentation of myocarditis in a dog with leptospirosis, and the first report of fatal leptospirosis in any animal species on the Caribbean island of St. Kitts. View Full-Text
Keywords: canine leptospirosis; Leptospira; spirochetes canine leptospirosis; Leptospira; spirochetes

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Loftis, A.; Castillo-Alcala, F.; Bogdanovic, L.; Verma, A. Fatal Canine Leptospirosis on St. Kitts. Vet. Sci. 2014, 1, 150-158.

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