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Hydrology 2018, 5(1), 16;

Groundwater Condition and Management in Kano Region, Northwestern Nigeria

Department of Geography, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil 713211, Nigeria
Department of Environmental Sciences, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa 720231, Nigeria
Department of Water Resources Management and Agro-Meteorology, Federal University of Oye Ekiti, Oye 371104, Nigeria
Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia UPM, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2017 / Revised: 3 February 2018 / Accepted: 5 February 2018 / Published: 9 February 2018
PDF [6799 KB, uploaded 12 February 2018]


This paper provides a broad overview of issues on groundwater condition and management in the Kano region of northwestern Nigeria. The aim is to recommend new management strategies that can ensure sustainable groundwater resource management in the region. To achieve the aim of the study, various studies on groundwater conducted in the region were reviewed and key issues were identified. The review revealed that groundwater availability varied between the Basement Complex and Chad Formation areas of the region, with the latter having more of the resource than the former region as a result of the migration of groundwater from the Basement complex to the Chad Formation region. The review also revealed a steady annual decrease of groundwater level during the period 2010 to 2013 and the groundwater beneath the floodplains dropped from 9000 Million Cubic Meter (MCM) in 1964 to 5000 MCM in 1987 in the Chad Formation area of the region. The review further revealed that there is poor knowledge regarding the impact of historical and projected climate variability and change on groundwater availability in the region. This is as a result of the lack of sustained time series data on groundwater resource. Thus, there has been little or no integrated management between groundwater excess and deficiency on one hand, and groundwater pollution management on the other hand. Rainwater harvesting, among other approaches, is recommended for sustainable groundwater management in the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: groundwater; climate variability; floodplain; condition; management; Dryland groundwater; climate variability; floodplain; condition; management; Dryland

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Tukur, A.I.; Nabegu, A.B.; Abba Umar, D.; Olofin, E.A.; Sulaiman, W.N.A. Groundwater Condition and Management in Kano Region, Northwestern Nigeria. Hydrology 2018, 5, 16.

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