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Article

Effectiveness of Yoga Lifestyle on Lipid Metabolism in a Vulnerable Population—A Community Based Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial

1
Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana (S-VYASA), Bengaluru 560105, India
2
Neuroscience Research Lab, Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh 160012, India
3
Centre for Mind Body Medicine, PGIMER, Chandigarh 160012, India
4
Centre for Cognitive Science and Phenomenology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014, India
5
Central Council for Research in Yoga & Naturopathy (CCRYN), Delhi 110058, India
6
Yoga Clinic, Bhopal 462026, India
7
Arogya Rasahara Kendra, Bhopal 462024, India
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equal first authors.
Corresponding author: Raghuram Nagarathna; Co-corresponding author: Akshay Anand.
Academic Editors: Roberto Anichini and Piergiorgio Francia
Medicines 2021, 8(7), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines8070037
Received: 1 April 2021 / Revised: 13 June 2021 / Accepted: 29 June 2021 / Published: 13 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diabetic Foot Prevention and Physical Activity)
Background: Dyslipidemia poses a high risk for cardiovascular disease and stroke in Type 2 diabetes (T2DM). There are no studies on the impact of a validated integrated yoga lifestyle protocol on lipid profiles in a high-risk diabetes population. Methods: Here, we report the results of lipid profile values of 11,254 (yoga 5932 and control 5322) adults (20–70 years) of both genders with high risk (≥60 on Indian diabetes risk score) for diabetes from a nationwide rural and urban community-based two group (yoga and conventional management) cluster randomized controlled trial. The yoga group practiced a validated integrated yoga lifestyle protocol (DYP) in nine day camps followed by daily one-hour practice. Biochemical profiling included glycated hemoglobin and lipid profiles before and after three months. Results: There was a significant difference between groups (p < 0.001 ANCOVA) with improved serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein, and high-density lipoprotein in the yoga group compared to the control group. Further, the regulatory effect of yoga was noted with a significant decrease or increase in those with high or low values of lipids, respectively, with marginal or no change in those within the normal range. Conclusion: Yoga lifestyle improves and regulates (lowered if high, increased if low) the blood lipid levels in both genders of prediabetic and diabetic individuals in both rural and urban Indian communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes yoga protocol; diabetes; prediabetes; dyslipidemia; lipid regulation diabetes yoga protocol; diabetes; prediabetes; dyslipidemia; lipid regulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nagarathna, R.; Kumar, S.; Anand, A.; Acharya, I.N.; Singh, A.K.; Patil, S.S.; Latha, R.H.; Datey, P.; Nagendra, H.R. Effectiveness of Yoga Lifestyle on Lipid Metabolism in a Vulnerable Population—A Community Based Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial. Medicines 2021, 8, 37. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines8070037

AMA Style

Nagarathna R, Kumar S, Anand A, Acharya IN, Singh AK, Patil SS, Latha RH, Datey P, Nagendra HR. Effectiveness of Yoga Lifestyle on Lipid Metabolism in a Vulnerable Population—A Community Based Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial. Medicines. 2021; 8(7):37. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines8070037

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nagarathna, Raghuram, Saurabh Kumar, Akshay Anand, Ishwara N. Acharya, Amit K. Singh, Suchitra S. Patil, Ramesh H. Latha, Purnima Datey, and Hongasandra R. Nagendra. 2021. "Effectiveness of Yoga Lifestyle on Lipid Metabolism in a Vulnerable Population—A Community Based Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial" Medicines 8, no. 7: 37. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines8070037

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