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Article

Pediatric Dental Education Improves Interprofessional Healthcare Students’ Clinical Competence in Children’s Oral Health Assessment

1
Division of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
2
Department of Family Health Care Nursing, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Dent. J. 2019, 7(4), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7040106
Received: 7 September 2019 / Revised: 31 October 2019 / Accepted: 8 November 2019 / Published: 13 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inter-Professional Oral Health Education)
Primary care and healthcare providers can facilitate children’s timely referral to a dental home. However, there are few studies of providers’ oral health knowledge and clinical skills. This study aims to improve future healthcare providers’ knowledge, confidence, attitude, and clinical competence in assessing children’s oral health. Sixty-five health professional students participated in a 10-week didactic and clinical curriculum on children’s oral health. Fifty students completed pre- and post-training questionnaires and were assessed in their knowledge, confidence, and attitude. Calibrated examiners graded students’ clinical skills on a 24-point grading criterion. Descriptive statistics, paired sample t-test, and Pearson correlation were used in data analyses. Students were in dentistry (46%), nursing (28%), medicine (22%), and pharmacy (3%). Students significantly improved in knowledge (t = −7.71, p < 0.001), confidence (t = −10.30, p = <0.001), and attitude (t = −4.24, p = <0.001). Students on average scored 83% on clinical competence, with the highest average for fluoride varnish application (96%) and lowest for providing anticipatory guidance (69%). There was a moderate correlation between improvement in knowledge and their clinical skills (r = 0.39, p = 0.010). Interprofessional education improves students’ knowledge, confidence, attitude, and clinical competence in assessing children’s oral health. Such education is necessary in guiding future providers to gain adequate competence in serving children’s oral health needs. View Full-Text
Keywords: pediatric dentistry; primary care; children’s oral health; interprofessional education; oral health education; public health dentistry; oral health disparity; access to care; clinical competency; oral health assessment pediatric dentistry; primary care; children’s oral health; interprofessional education; oral health education; public health dentistry; oral health disparity; access to care; clinical competency; oral health assessment
MDPI and ACS Style

Niranjan, R.; Kim, J.; Lin, B.; Lewis, S.; Patel, P.; Le, T.; Alkon, A.; Chen, J.-L. Pediatric Dental Education Improves Interprofessional Healthcare Students’ Clinical Competence in Children’s Oral Health Assessment. Dent. J. 2019, 7, 106. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7040106

AMA Style

Niranjan R, Kim J, Lin B, Lewis S, Patel P, Le T, Alkon A, Chen J-L. Pediatric Dental Education Improves Interprofessional Healthcare Students’ Clinical Competence in Children’s Oral Health Assessment. Dentistry Journal. 2019; 7(4):106. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7040106

Chicago/Turabian Style

Niranjan, Remya, JungSoo Kim, Brent Lin, Sheela Lewis, Punam Patel, Thuan Le, Abbey Alkon, and Jyu-Lin Chen. 2019. "Pediatric Dental Education Improves Interprofessional Healthcare Students’ Clinical Competence in Children’s Oral Health Assessment" Dentistry Journal 7, no. 4: 106. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7040106

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