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Review

Infrared Radiation in the Management of Musculoskeletal Conditions and Chronic Pain: A Systematic Review

1
Novel Global Community Educational Foundation, Blacktown 2770, Australia
2
Naval Hospital of Athens, 15561 Athens, Greece
3
Faculty of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece
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Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, 71003 Heraklion, Greece
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Faculty of Medicine, “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 050474 Bucharest, Romania
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Department of Hematology, Center of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Fundeni Clinical Institute, 022328 Bucharest, Romania
7
Faculty of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Kazuhiro P. Izawa and María del Mar Molero Jurado
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(3), 334-343; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12030024
Received: 12 February 2022 / Revised: 8 March 2022 / Accepted: 12 March 2022 / Published: 14 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Sciences before, during and after the COVID-19 Pandemic)
Infrared radiation (IR) is a promising complementary treatment for musculoskeletal conditions and chronic pain. By means of a systematic review, we evaluated the contribution of IR to the management of these ailments. PubMed-MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library–Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were systematically searched until 20 December 2021. The literature search yielded 233 relevant records. Following the screening of titles and abstracts, 42 full-texts were evaluated. As per inclusion/exclusion criteria, 13 publications were entered into the qualitative assessment. These studies described the effects of IR in humans: three studies focused on osteoarthritis, four studies on fibromyalgia, and six encompassed a wider range of diseases (ankylosing spondylitis, recovery from sports injuries, myofascial pain syndrome). Based on the findings of our systematic review, we noted a decrease in pain levels, as evaluated by the visual analog scale (VAS), in patients suffering from musculoskeletal disorders treated with IR. In addition, IR use led to a decrease in Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FiQ) scores in subjects diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Nevertheless, IR has failed to facilitate muscle recovery following athletic injuries. View Full-Text
Keywords: infrared phototherapy; photodynamic therapy; musculoskeletal conditions; low back pain; osteoarthritis; fibromyalgia; physical therapy; orthopedics; rehabilitation infrared phototherapy; photodynamic therapy; musculoskeletal conditions; low back pain; osteoarthritis; fibromyalgia; physical therapy; orthopedics; rehabilitation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tsagkaris, C.; Papazoglou, A.S.; Eleftheriades, A.; Tsakopoulos, S.; Alexiou, A.; Găman, M.-A.; Moysidis, D.V. Infrared Radiation in the Management of Musculoskeletal Conditions and Chronic Pain: A Systematic Review. Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12, 334-343. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12030024

AMA Style

Tsagkaris C, Papazoglou AS, Eleftheriades A, Tsakopoulos S, Alexiou A, Găman M-A, Moysidis DV. Infrared Radiation in the Management of Musculoskeletal Conditions and Chronic Pain: A Systematic Review. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education. 2022; 12(3):334-343. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12030024

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tsagkaris, Christos, Andreas S. Papazoglou, Anna Eleftheriades, Stavros Tsakopoulos, Athanasios Alexiou, Mihnea-Alexandru Găman, and Dimitrios V. Moysidis. 2022. "Infrared Radiation in the Management of Musculoskeletal Conditions and Chronic Pain: A Systematic Review" European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education 12, no. 3: 334-343. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12030024

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