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Article

Esterification of Free Fatty Acids with Glycerol within the Biodiesel Production Framework

1
Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Facultad de Química, Universidad de Sevilla, C/Profesor García González, 1, 41012 Seville, Spain
2
Departamento de Ingeniería Energética, E.T.S. de Ingeniería, Universidad de Sevilla, Camino de los Descubrimientos, s/n, 41092 Seville, Spain
3
RIKEN Centre for Advanced Photonics, RIKEN, 519-1399 Aramaki-Aoba, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-0845, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2019, 7(11), 832; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110832
Received: 18 October 2019 / Revised: 2 November 2019 / Accepted: 5 November 2019 / Published: 8 November 2019
Companies in the field of the collection and treatment of waste cooking oils (WCO) for subsequent biodiesel production usually have to cope with high acidity oils, which cannot be directly transformed into fatty acid methyl esters due to soap production. Since glycerine is the main byproduct of biodiesel production, these high acidity oils could be esterified with the glycerine surplus to transform the free fatty acids (FFA) into triglycerides before performing the transesterification. In this work, commercial glycerol was esterified with commercial fatty acids and commercial fatty acid/lampante olive oil mixtures over tin (II) chloride. In the first set of experiments, the esterification of linoleic acid with glycerol excess from 20 to 80% molar over the stoichiometric was performed. From 20% glycerol excess, there was no improvement in FFA reduction. Using 20% glycerol excess, the performance of a biochar obtained from heavy metal-contaminated plant roots was compared to that of SnCl2. Then, the effect of the initial FFA content was assessed using different oleic acid/lampante olive oil mixtures. The results illustrated that glycerolysis was impeded at initial FFA contents lower than 10%. Finally, the glycerolysis of a WCO with 9.94% FFA was assayed, without success. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodiesel; esterification; free fatty acids; glycerol; waste cooking oil biodiesel; esterification; free fatty acids; glycerol; waste cooking oil
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MDPI and ACS Style

García Martín, J.F.; Carrión Ruiz, J.; Torres García, M.; Feng, C.-H.; Álvarez Mateos, P. Esterification of Free Fatty Acids with Glycerol within the Biodiesel Production Framework. Processes 2019, 7, 832. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110832

AMA Style

García Martín JF, Carrión Ruiz J, Torres García M, Feng C-H, Álvarez Mateos P. Esterification of Free Fatty Acids with Glycerol within the Biodiesel Production Framework. Processes. 2019; 7(11):832. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110832

Chicago/Turabian Style

García Martín, Juan F., Javier Carrión Ruiz, Miguel Torres García, Chao-Hui Feng, and Paloma Álvarez Mateos. 2019. "Esterification of Free Fatty Acids with Glycerol within the Biodiesel Production Framework" Processes 7, no. 11: 832. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110832

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