Next Article in Journal
Attachment and the Development of Moral Emotions in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
Characteristics of Kawasaki Disease Patients during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Japan: A Single-Center, Observational Study
Article

Toys in the Playrooms of Children’s Hospitals: A Potential Source of Nosocomial Bacterial Infections?

1
Department of Residency, Rīga Stradiņš University, LV-1007 Riga, Latvia
2
Department of Biology and Microbiology, Rīga Stradiņš University, LV-1007 Riga, Latvia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mingbang Wang
Children 2021, 8(10), 914; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100914
Received: 15 September 2021 / Revised: 9 October 2021 / Accepted: 11 October 2021 / Published: 14 October 2021
Pediatric patients are more susceptible and vulnerable to nosocomial infections, in part because of their nascent and developing immune system and in part due to certain congenital conditions. Consequently, we found limited literature that investigated and reported children’s toys in hospital playrooms as potential reservoirs of pathogenic microbes. Hence, in the present study, we aimed to investigate toys as potential vectors for nosocomial infections in children’s hospitals. Microbiological samples from 120 toys were collected between April 2018 and November 2018. The specimens were cultivated on suitable cultivation agars for 24–72 h at 37 °C and CFU/cm2 (colony forming units) was determined. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed using disc diffusion and E-tests. Our results indicate that 84% of samples were contaminated with different microbes. Four distinct genera and thirty-seven species of bacteria were identified. The most frequently isolated pathogen was Sphingomonas paucimobilis (>603 CFU/cm2). Most of the identified microorganisms were members of normal human microbiota. Although Staphylococcus aureus and Acinetobacter baumannii were identified, CFU/cm2 was relatively low and they were found to be sensitive to antibiotics. Additionally, plastic toys showed the highest average CFU/cm2 of 91.9. Our results bolster the need for adoption and strict enforcement of proper disinfection techniques for toys in the hospital playrooms. View Full-Text
Keywords: toys as vector; nosocomial infection; bacteria on toys; pediatrics toys as vector; nosocomial infection; bacteria on toys; pediatrics
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Aleksejeva, V.; Dovbenko, A.; Kroiča, J.; Skadiņš, I. Toys in the Playrooms of Children’s Hospitals: A Potential Source of Nosocomial Bacterial Infections? Children 2021, 8, 914. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100914

AMA Style

Aleksejeva V, Dovbenko A, Kroiča J, Skadiņš I. Toys in the Playrooms of Children’s Hospitals: A Potential Source of Nosocomial Bacterial Infections? Children. 2021; 8(10):914. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100914

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aleksejeva, Viktorija, Anastasija Dovbenko, Juta Kroiča, and Ingus Skadiņš. 2021. "Toys in the Playrooms of Children’s Hospitals: A Potential Source of Nosocomial Bacterial Infections?" Children 8, no. 10: 914. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100914

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop