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Electro-Optical Gas Sensor Consisting of Nanostructured Paper Coating and an Ultrathin Sensing Element

1
Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, Center for Functional Materials, Åbo Akademi University, Porthaninkatu 3-5, FI-20500 Turku, Finland
2
Nofima-Norwegian Institute of Food, Fisheries and Aquaculture Research, P.O. Box 210, NO-1431 Ås, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Chemosensors 2019, 7(2), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemosensors7020023
Received: 12 April 2019 / Revised: 26 April 2019 / Accepted: 29 April 2019 / Published: 1 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thin Film Based Sensors)
PDF [993 KB, uploaded 1 May 2019]

Abstract

This work describes the use of a paper substrate for electro-optical detection of toxic hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas. For electrical detection, a chemiresistive type of gas sensor was developed. Ultrathin gold film electrodes (UTGFE) were produced by physical vapor deposition of gold on nanostructured latex-coated paper substrate. The gas-sensing film was deposited on the electrodes by inkjet printing. The sensing films were characterized by atomic force microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and conductometry. The sensing films showed more than seven orders of magnitude change in resistance when exposed to as low as 1 part per million (ppm) H2S gas at room temperature. Besides resistive response, the change in color of the sensing films was studied on a paper substrate, both as a function of print density of the sensing material and H2S concentration. For quantification of the analyte the red, green and blue color deconvolution was performed on the pictures of the paper strip indicator using an open source software. A clear response was obtained from the blue channel. The inexpensive disposable color strips produced on the paper substrate can be used for qualitative and quantitative detection (as low as 1.5 ppm) of H2S gas.
Keywords: printed; gas sensor; hydrogen sulfide; chemiresistive; paper substrate; color strip printed; gas sensor; hydrogen sulfide; chemiresistive; paper substrate; color strip
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Sarfraz, J.; Rosqvist, E.; Ihalainen, P.; Peltonen, J. Electro-Optical Gas Sensor Consisting of Nanostructured Paper Coating and an Ultrathin Sensing Element. Chemosensors 2019, 7, 23.

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