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Patterns of Healthcare Expenditures among Older United States Adults with Pain and Different Perceived Health Status

by 1,2,* and 1
1
Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, College of Pharmacy, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
2
Center for Health Outcomes and Pharmacoeconomic Research, College of Pharmacy, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robbert Gobbens
Healthcare 2021, 9(10), 1327; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9101327
Received: 16 September 2021 / Revised: 1 October 2021 / Accepted: 3 October 2021 / Published: 5 October 2021
The objective of this study was to assess the pattern of healthcare expenditures among United States (U.S.) adults aged ≥50 years with pain and annual total positive healthcare expenditures with different levels of perceived health. The study used the 2018 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data. Unadjusted and adjusted linear regression models were used to compare logarithmically transformed total healthcare expenditures between those with excellent, very good, good, and fair/poor health. The a priori alpha value was 0.05. The study included 5123 U.S. adults aged ≥50 with self-reported pain (excellent = 8.9%, very good = 28.3%, good = 36.2%, fair/poor = 26.6%). In adjusted analyses, compared to fair/poor health, those with excellent health had the greatest adjusted reduction in expenditures (55% lower), followed by very good health (36.5% lower) and good health (24.9% lower). In conclusion, total positive healthcare expenditures were comparatively lower among those with better perceived health status for older (≥50 years) U.S. adults with pain that interfered with normal work in the past four weeks. View Full-Text
Keywords: pain; older adults; health status; health expenditures pain; older adults; health status; health expenditures
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MDPI and ACS Style

Axon, D.R.; Kamel, A. Patterns of Healthcare Expenditures among Older United States Adults with Pain and Different Perceived Health Status. Healthcare 2021, 9, 1327. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9101327

AMA Style

Axon DR, Kamel A. Patterns of Healthcare Expenditures among Older United States Adults with Pain and Different Perceived Health Status. Healthcare. 2021; 9(10):1327. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9101327

Chicago/Turabian Style

Axon, David R., and Anisa Kamel. 2021. "Patterns of Healthcare Expenditures among Older United States Adults with Pain and Different Perceived Health Status" Healthcare 9, no. 10: 1327. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9101327

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