Diagnostic Reasoning across the Medical Education Continuum
AbstractWe aimed to study linguistic and non-linguistic elements of diagnostic reasoning across the continuum of medical education. We performed semi-structured interviews of premedical students, first year medical students, third year medical students, second year internal medicine residents, and experienced faculty (ten each) as they diagnosed three common causes of dyspnea. A second observer recorded emotional tone. All interviews were digitally recorded and blinded transcripts were created. Propositional analysis and concept mapping were performed. Grounded theory was used to identify salient categories and transcripts were scored with these categories. Transcripts were then unblinded. Systematic differences in propositional structure, number of concept connections, distribution of grounded theory categories, episodic and semantic memories, and emotional tone were identified. Summary concept maps were created and grounded theory concepts were explored for each learning level. We identified three major findings: (1) The “apprentice effect” in novices (high stress and low narrative competence); (2) logistic concept growth in intermediates; and (3) a cognitive state transition (between analytical and intuitive approaches) in experts. These findings warrant further study and comparison. View Full-Text
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Smith, C.S.; Hill, W.; Francovich, C.; Morris, M.; Robbins, B.; Robins, L.; Turner, A. Diagnostic Reasoning across the Medical Education Continuum. Healthcare 2014, 2, 253-271.
Smith CS, Hill W, Francovich C, Morris M, Robbins B, Robins L, Turner A. Diagnostic Reasoning across the Medical Education Continuum. Healthcare. 2014; 2(3):253-271.Chicago/Turabian Style
Smith, C. S.; Hill, William; Francovich, Chris; Morris, Magdalena; Robbins, Bruce; Robins, Lynne; Turner, Andrew. 2014. "Diagnostic Reasoning across the Medical Education Continuum." Healthcare 2, no. 3: 253-271.