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Lessons from the Past and Challenges for the Future: Inclusive Education for Students with Unique Needs
Article

Are Inclusive Education or Special Education Programs More Likely to Result in Inclusion Post-School?

Institute of Education, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
Academic Editor: James Albright
Educ. Sci. 2021, 11(6), 304; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11060304
Received: 26 April 2021 / Revised: 15 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 19 June 2021
The main goal of both special education and inclusive education for young people with learning or behavioral difficulties is their maximum inclusion in the community as adults. The question of which of these two approaches is more likely to achieve this goal is addressed by considering the findings of three outcome studies of young people with moderate to severe levels of learning or behavioral difficulties who experienced either option, or some combination of the two. The overall findings indicate that students who left school from a special education setting had better outcomes than those who completed their education in mainstream schools. This is considered to be due to the vocational curriculum and work experience they gained in their final years of special education, which those in mainstream schools did not receive. This suggests that a policy of full inclusion, with the closure of special classes and special schools, will result in less inclusion in their communities post-school for young people with moderate to severe levels of learning or behavioral difficulties. View Full-Text
Keywords: learning difficulties; behavior difficulties; inclusive education; special education learning difficulties; behavior difficulties; inclusive education; special education
MDPI and ACS Style

Hornby, G. Are Inclusive Education or Special Education Programs More Likely to Result in Inclusion Post-School? Educ. Sci. 2021, 11, 304. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11060304

AMA Style

Hornby G. Are Inclusive Education or Special Education Programs More Likely to Result in Inclusion Post-School? Education Sciences. 2021; 11(6):304. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11060304

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hornby, Garry. 2021. "Are Inclusive Education or Special Education Programs More Likely to Result in Inclusion Post-School?" Education Sciences 11, no. 6: 304. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11060304

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