Next Article in Journal
The Impacts of Domestic and Foreign Direct Investments on Economic Growth in Saudi Arabia
Next Article in Special Issue
Identifying Sustainability and Knowledge Gaps in Socio-Economic Pathways Vis-à-Vis the Sustainable Development Goals
Previous Article in Journal
Modeling the Construction Sector and Oil Prices toward the Growth of the Nigerian Economy: An Econometric Approach
Previous Article in Special Issue
Localization of SDGs through Disaggregation of KPIs
Open AccessArticle

Sustainability Performance of an Italian Textile Product

1
Department of Economics, University of Messina, Messina 98122, Italy
2
Institute of Sustainability in Civil Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen 52062, Germany
3
Department of Business Studies, University of Roma Tre, Roma 00154, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Economies 2018, 6(1), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/economies6010017
Received: 16 October 2017 / Revised: 16 February 2018 / Accepted: 26 February 2018 / Published: 12 March 2018
Companies are more and more interested in the improvement of sustainability performance of products, services and processes. For this reason, appropriate and suitable assessment tools supporting the transition to a green economy are highly necessary. Currently, there are a number of methods and approaches for assessing products’ environmental impact and improving their performances; among these, the Life Cycle Thinking (LCT) approach has emerged as the most comprehensive and effective to achieve sustainability goals. Indeed, the LCT approach aims to reduce the use of resources and emissions to the environment associated with a product’s life cycle. It can be used as well to improve socio-economic performance through the entire life cycle of a product. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Life Cycle Costing (LCC) and Social Life Cycle Assessment (S-LCA) are undoubtedly the most relevant methodologies to support product-related decision-making activities for the extraction and processing of raw materials, manufacturing, distribution, use, reuse, maintenance, recycling and final disposal. While LCA is an internationally standardized tool (ISO 14040 2006), LCC (except for the ISO related to the building sector) and S-LCA have yet to attain international standardization (even if guidelines and general frameworks are available). The S-LCA is still in its experimental phase for many aspects of the methodological structure and practical implementation. This study presents the application of LCA and S-LCA to a textile product. The LCA and S-LCA are implemented following the ISO 14040-44:2006 and the guidelines from UNEP/SETAC (2009), respectively. The functional unit of the study is a cape knitted in a soft blend of wool and cashmere produced by a textile company located in Sicily (Italy). The system boundary of the study includes all phases from cradle-to-gate, from raw material production through fabric/accessory production to the manufacturing process of the product itself at the Sicilian Company. Background and foreground processes are taken into account using primary and secondary data. The analysis evaluates the environmental and social performances related to the specific textile product, but also outlines the general behaviour of the company. The case study also highlights pro and cons of a combined LCA and S-LCA to a textile product in a regional context.
Keywords: social life cycle assessment; life cycle assessment; sustainability; textile sector social life cycle assessment; life cycle assessment; sustainability; textile sector
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lenzo, P.; Traverso, M.; Mondello, G.; Salomone, R.; Ioppolo, G. Sustainability Performance of an Italian Textile Product. Economies 2018, 6, 17.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop