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Article

PaCE Yourself: Impact of COVID-19 on Patient-Centered Care Experience

College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40508, USA
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Pharmacy 2021, 9(1), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy9010043
Received: 10 January 2021 / Revised: 4 February 2021 / Accepted: 15 February 2021 / Published: 18 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Technology-Enhanced Pharmacy Teaching and Learning Strategies)
(1) Background: The outbreak of the novel coronavirus, COVID-19, forced colleges of pharmacy to implement new online learning methodologies to ensure that students could complete required courses. This transition was especially acute for laboratory simulation courses that require students to practice professional skills. This study aims to compare student assessment performance within a simulation-based laboratory course for students who completed the module prior to and after the online transition. (2) Methods: This study was a retrospective cohort comparison of student outcome performance with two distinct content delivery methods. Students were organized into two tracks at the beginning of the semester to determine the order of the simulation module. The online learning transition occurred in-between the delivery of the same module, which allowed comparison of online versus in-person content delivery with consistent assessment. Remediation rates on each assessment were compared using chi-squared tests. (3) Results: Student pharmacists across the first and second professional year performed similarly despite in-person or online course formats, with no significant differences in remediation rates. (4) Conclusions: Pharmacy course content, including laboratory-based simulation activity, may produce similar assessment performance when using online content delivery. Further research into hybrid or mixed-delivery models may enhance learning without affecting assessment performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; student pharmacists; online; simulation; teaching and learning; assessment COVID-19; student pharmacists; online; simulation; teaching and learning; assessment
MDPI and ACS Style

Wilhite, K.; Jones, M.; Kebodeaux, C. PaCE Yourself: Impact of COVID-19 on Patient-Centered Care Experience. Pharmacy 2021, 9, 43. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy9010043

AMA Style

Wilhite K, Jones M, Kebodeaux C. PaCE Yourself: Impact of COVID-19 on Patient-Centered Care Experience. Pharmacy. 2021; 9(1):43. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy9010043

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wilhite, Kristen, Mikael Jones, and Clark Kebodeaux. 2021. "PaCE Yourself: Impact of COVID-19 on Patient-Centered Care Experience" Pharmacy 9, no. 1: 43. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy9010043

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