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On the Syntax of Existential Sentences in Najdi Arabic

Department of English Language & Translation, College of Arabic Language & Social Studies, Qassim University, Buraidah 51452, Saudi Arabia
Academic Editors: Juana M. Liceras and Raquel Fernández Fuertes
Languages 2022, 7(1), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/languages7010018
Received: 24 July 2021 / Revised: 31 December 2021 / Accepted: 14 January 2022 / Published: 22 January 2022
The existential sentence is a noncanonical sentence type that is used crosslinguistically to assert the (non)existence of one or more entities. It consists of a set of syntactic items that includes an expletive, pivot, and coda. Two different syntactic analyses have been identified in the literature for the existential construction. The first type of analysis, the standard analysis, treats the existential sentence as a nonraising counterpart of copular sentences. In this analysis, both existential and copular sentences are derived from a single underlying structure, which takes the pivot as a subject and the coda as a predicate. The other type of analysis, the nonstandard analysis, treats the existential sentence differently from the copular sentence. In this analysis, the copular verb takes the pivot NP as its complement, and the coda is treated as an adjunct. The purpose of this paper is to examine the syntactic status of the three syntactic items, namely, the expletive fiih, the pivot NP, and the coda XP, in the existential construction in the dialect of Najdi Arabic (NA). Using the nonstandard analysis, I propose that the existential pronoun fiih is an NP merged in the Spec, vP, the pivot is an NP complement selected by a copular verb, and the coda is an adjunct that serves as either an internal or external modifier. This work about NA existentials may fruitfully contribute to the ongoing discussion on the syntax of existential constructions. Examining existential constructions in various unrelated languages may help obtain a better understanding of this interesting syntactic phenomenon, thereby enabling a more plausible analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: existential sentences; Najdi Arabic; expletive; pivot; coda existential sentences; Najdi Arabic; expletive; pivot; coda
MDPI and ACS Style

Alharbi, B. On the Syntax of Existential Sentences in Najdi Arabic. Languages 2022, 7, 18. https://doi.org/10.3390/languages7010018

AMA Style

Alharbi B. On the Syntax of Existential Sentences in Najdi Arabic. Languages. 2022; 7(1):18. https://doi.org/10.3390/languages7010018

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alharbi, Bader. 2022. "On the Syntax of Existential Sentences in Najdi Arabic" Languages 7, no. 1: 18. https://doi.org/10.3390/languages7010018

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