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Languages 2018, 3(3), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/languages3030030

Revisiting (Non-)Native Influence in VOT Production: Insights from Advanced L3 Spanish

1
Department of Language Education, Stockholm University, Universitetsvägen 10E, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
2
Language Acquisition Research Laboratory, Department of Modern Languages and Literatures, University of Ottawa, 70 Laurier Avenue East, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
3
Department of Education, Concordia University, 1455 de Maisonneuve Boulevard West, Montreal, QC H3G 1M8, Canada
4
Centre for the Study of Learning and Performance (CSLP), Concordia University, 1455 de Maisonneuve Boulevard West, Montreal, QC H3G 1M8, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 January 2018 / Revised: 20 May 2018 / Accepted: 24 July 2018 / Published: 31 July 2018
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Abstract

A growing body of research investigating cross-linguistic influence on the acquisition of a third phonological system suggests that first (L1) and second (L2) languages concur in influencing oral production in the target third language (L3). Yet, there are also claims of either a more noticeable effect of the L2 on the L3, or a prevailing influence from the L1. This study further explores whether the L1 and the L2 compete or converge on exerting influence on L3 pronunciation. To do so, we examine the production of voice onset time for voiceless stops by adult advanced learners of L3 Spanish divided into two groups (15 L1 English-L2 French, and 15 L1 French-L2 English speakers). Three monolingual control groups were also tested. Participants were recorded reading word lists that contained voiceless stops in stressed onset position. A Kruskal-Wallis test uncovered significant differences traceable to the L1-English speakers, which puts them at a slight disadvantage vis-à-vis their Francophone counterparts. These results favor claims of a more decisive role for the L1 in L3 pronunciation. We compare our results to findings from previous studies targeting intermediate learners, and find proficiency in the L3 may account for the observed differences. View Full-Text
Keywords: L1 influence; L2 influence; voice onset time; third language phonology L1 influence; L2 influence; voice onset time; third language phonology
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Llama, R.; Cardoso, W. Revisiting (Non-)Native Influence in VOT Production: Insights from Advanced L3 Spanish. Languages 2018, 3, 30.

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