Next Article in Journal
Characterization of Vacuum Arc Thruster Performance in Weak Magnetic Nozzle
Next Article in Special Issue
Winging It: Key Issues and Perceptions around Regulation and Practice of Aircraft Maintenance in Australian General Aviation
Previous Article in Journal
Temperature Effects on Polymer-Ceramic Pressure-Sensitive Paint as a Luminescent Pressure Sensor
Previous Article in Special Issue
Development of the Minimum Equipment List: Current Practice and the Need for Standardisation
Open AccessArticle

A Contemporary Analysis of Aircraft Maintenance-Related Accidents and Serious Incidents

Lockheed Martin UK Ampthill, Bedford MK45 2HD, UK
Cranfield Safety and Accident Investigation Centre, Martell House, Cranfield, Bedfordshire MK43 0TR, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Aerospace 2020, 7(6), 81;
Received: 24 March 2020 / Revised: 30 May 2020 / Accepted: 31 May 2020 / Published: 17 June 2020
Aircraft maintenance has been identified as a key point of concern within many high-risk areas of aviation; still being a casual/contributory factor in a number of accidents and serious incidents in commercial air transport industry. The purpose of this study is to review and analyse the aircraft maintenance-related accidents and serious incidents which occurred between 2003 and 2017, to provide a better understanding of the causal and contributory factors. To achieve this, a dataset of maintenance-related accidents and serious incidents was compiled and then qualitatively analysed by thematic analysis method. Coding these events by using NVivo software enabled the development of a taxonomy, MxFACS. The coded output was then evaluated by subject matter experts, and an inter-rater concordance value determined to demonstrate the rigour of the research process. Subsequently, the events were evaluated in terms of their relationship to known accident categories such as loss of control, runway excursions. The most frequent maintenance event consequences were found to be runway excursions and air turnbacks, with the second level categories being related to failures in engine and landing gear systems. The greatest maintenance factor issues were ‘inadequate maintenance procedures’ and ‘inspections not identifying defects’. In terms of fatalities, ‘collision events’ were the most prominent consequence, ‘engine-related events’ were the most significant event, and ‘inadequate maintenance procedures’ were the most concerning maintenance factor. The study’s findings may be used in conjunction with existing risk analysis methodologies and enable the stakeholders to develop generic or customised bowties. This may identify the existing barriers in the system as well as weaknesses which will enable the development of mitigation strategies on both organisational and industry-wide levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: flight safety; aviation accidents; airworthiness; aircraft maintenance; MxFACS flight safety; aviation accidents; airworthiness; aircraft maintenance; MxFACS
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Insley, J.; Turkoglu, C. A Contemporary Analysis of Aircraft Maintenance-Related Accidents and Serious Incidents. Aerospace 2020, 7, 81.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop