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Open AccessConcept Paper

U-Space Concept of Operations: A Key Enabler for Opening Airspace to Emerging Low-Altitude Operations

Department of Computer Architecture, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, UPC BarcelonaTECH, 08860 Castelldefels, Spain
EUROCONTROL HQ, 1130 Brussels, Belgium
ENAV/Technosky, 00156 Roma, Italy
EUROCONTROL Experimental Centre, 91222 Brétigny-sur-Orge, France
NATS, Fareham PO15 7FL, UK
Institute of Flight Guidance, DLR, 38108 Braunschweig, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Aerospace 2020, 7(3), 24;
Received: 12 December 2019 / Revised: 28 February 2020 / Accepted: 2 March 2020 / Published: 7 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Unmanned Aircraft Traffic Management)
Opening the sky to new classes of airspace user is a political and economic imperative for the European Union. Drone industries have a significant potential for economical growth according to the latest estimations. To enable this growth safely and efficiently, the CORUS project has developed a concept of operations for drones flying in Europe in very low-level airspace, which they have to share that space with manned aviation, and quite soon with urban air mobility aircraft as well. U-space services and the development of smart, automated, interoperable, and sustainable traffic management solutions are presented as the key enabler for achieving this high level of integration. In this paper, we present the U-space concept of operations (ConOps), produced around three new types of airspace volume, called X, Y, and Z, and the relevant U-space services that will need to be supplied in each of these. The paper also describes the reference high-level U-space architecture using the European air traffic management architecture methodology. Finally, the paper proposes the basis for the aircraft separation standards applicable by each volume, to be used by the conflict detection and resolution services of U-space. View Full-Text
Keywords: ConOps; UAS; drones; airspace; aircraft separation; U-space architecture ConOps; UAS; drones; airspace; aircraft separation; U-space architecture
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barrado, C.; Boyero, M.; Brucculeri, L.; Ferrara, G.; Hately, A.; Hullah, P.; Martin-Marrero, D.; Pastor, E.; Rushton, A.P.; Volkert, A. U-Space Concept of Operations: A Key Enabler for Opening Airspace to Emerging Low-Altitude Operations. Aerospace 2020, 7, 24.

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