Simulation Model to Calculate Bird-Aircraft Collisions and Near Misses in the Airport Vicinity
AbstractAnnually, thousands of birds collide with aircraft. The impact usually has lethal consequences for the bird, the involved aircraft can experience severe damage. The highest bird strike risk occurs at low altitudes. Therefore, aircraft within the airport area as well as the adjacent approach and departure corridors are especially vulnerable to collisions with birds. To analyse risk-reducing measures in these areas, a fast-time bird strike simulation environment was developed. An open-source Air Traffic Management simulator was enhanced with a model to represent bird movements and to recognize bird strikes. To confirm the reproducibility of the outcome, Monte Carlo simulations were performed. They included bird movement data from one year and air traffic flight plans for various air traffic volumes. The number of strikes and near misses showed an expected variance within the individual replications. The results indicate that the predictability of the number of strikes and near misses increases with rising number of birds, and rising air traffic intensity. Thus, by considering simulation scenarios including bird movement information from all seasons and a sufficient air traffic volume, the described set-up leads to stable results. View Full-Text
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Description: BlueSky Open Air Traffic Simulator including bird strike and near miss detection
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Metz, I.C.; Mühlhausen, T.; Ellerbroek, J.; Kügler, D.; Van Gasteren, H.; Kraemer, J.; Hoekstra, J.M. Simulation Model to Calculate Bird-Aircraft Collisions and Near Misses in the Airport Vicinity. Aerospace 2018, 5, 112.
Metz IC, Mühlhausen T, Ellerbroek J, Kügler D, Van Gasteren H, Kraemer J, Hoekstra JM. Simulation Model to Calculate Bird-Aircraft Collisions and Near Misses in the Airport Vicinity. Aerospace. 2018; 5(4):112.Chicago/Turabian Style
Metz, Isabel C.; Mühlhausen, Thorsten; Ellerbroek, Joost; Kügler, Dirk; Van Gasteren, Hans; Kraemer, Jan; Hoekstra, Jacco M. 2018. "Simulation Model to Calculate Bird-Aircraft Collisions and Near Misses in the Airport Vicinity." Aerospace 5, no. 4: 112.
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