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Aerospace 2018, 5(4), 111; https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace5040111

Damage Localization in Composite Structures Using a Guided Waves Based Multi-Parameter Approach

Department of Industrial Engineering—Aerospace Division, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Via Claudio 21, 80125 Napoli, Italy
The author has been awarded the 2017 Aerospace Travel Award for his research on reliable solutions for structural health monitoring of complex composite structures using guided waves.
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Received: 19 September 2018 / Revised: 15 October 2018 / Accepted: 16 October 2018 / Published: 19 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Civil and Military Airworthiness: Recent Developments and Challenges)
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Abstract

Aerospace vehicles are demanded to withstand harsh conditions with a low weight impact. Composites have been increasingly adopted to meet such performances but they are affected by sudden and barely visible failures when subjected to low velocity impacts. The design criteria and the maintenance tasks in a damage tolerant approach are unavoidably compromised. Structural Health Monitoring is expected to avoid typical accommodations employed during design and lifetime management by achieving a cost-effective and on condition maintenance. This paper describes the use of guided ultrasonic waves excited and sensed by permanently attached piezoelectric transducers for detection and localization of unforeseen and hidden flaws in composite structures. A composite stiffened structures designed for real scale components is investigated to test a multi-parameter detection technique capable of predicting different wave features affected by hidden failures to detect any possible change in the structure. Usually, propagation behavior is exploited to detect changes in the waveguide focusing on the analysis of an intrinsic feature of the propagating wave. Numerical simulations and measurements carried out on a real-scale aircraft structure demonstrate that increasing the observed characteristics improves the result making efficient the diagnosis. Furthermore, it is shown that accounting a multi-parameter analysis of ultrasonic data enhances the localization reliability making use of the same reconstruction algorithm with data fusion approach while facing with different kind of damages. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerospace structures; composites; impact detection; structural health monitoring; guided waves aerospace structures; composites; impact detection; structural health monitoring; guided waves
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Memmolo, V.; Boffa, N.D.; Maio, L.; Monaco, E.; Ricci, F. Damage Localization in Composite Structures Using a Guided Waves Based Multi-Parameter Approach. Aerospace 2018, 5, 111.

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