Next Article in Journal
The Relationship between the Geoecological and Anthropic Aspects for the Conformation of the Urban Climate of Viçosa-MG in the Synotic Situation of Stability in 2015
Previous Article in Journal
Classification of Rainfall Warnings Based on the TOPSIS Method
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Climate 2017, 5(2), 34;

Projections of Future Suitable Bioclimatic Conditions of Parthenogenetic Whiptails

Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX 79968, USA
Department of Fish, Wildlife and Conservation Ecology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yang Zhang
Received: 23 December 2016 / Revised: 11 April 2017 / Accepted: 20 April 2017 / Published: 22 April 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [8536 KB, uploaded 22 April 2017]   |  


This paper highlights the results of bioclimatic-envelope modeling of whiptail lizards belonging to the Aspidoscelis tesselata species group and related species. We utilized five species distribution models (SDM) including Generalized Linear Model, Random Forest, Boosted Regression Tree, Maxent and Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines to develop the present day distributions of the species based on climate-driven models alone. We then projected future distributions of whiptails using data from four climate models run according to two greenhouse gas concentration scenarios (RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5). Results of A. tesselata species group suggested that climate change will negatively affect the bioclimatic habitat and distribution of some species, while projecting gains in suitability for others. Furthermore, when the species group was analyzed together, climate projections changed for some species compared to when they were analyzed alone, suggesting significant loss of syntopic areas where suitable climatic conditions for more than two species would persist. In other words, syntopy within members of the species group will be drastically reduced according to future bioclimatic suitability projections in this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: parthenogenetic whiptails; climate projections; bioclimatic-envelope modeling; species distribution models parthenogenetic whiptails; climate projections; bioclimatic-envelope modeling; species distribution models

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Alvarez, G.; Salas, E.A.L.; Harings, N.M.; Boykin, K.G. Projections of Future Suitable Bioclimatic Conditions of Parthenogenetic Whiptails. Climate 2017, 5, 34.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Climate EISSN 2225-1154 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top