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J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2018, 7(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/jsan7010011

IoT-Based Intelligent Modeling of Smart Home Environment for Fire Prevention and Safety

1
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Korea
2
School of Architectural, Civil, Environmental and Energy Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 December 2017 / Revised: 29 January 2018 / Accepted: 2 February 2018 / Published: 2 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Homes: Current Status and Future Possibilities)
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Abstract

Fires usually occur in homes because of carelessness and changes in environmental conditions. They cause threats to the residential community and may result in human death and property damage. Consequently, house fires must be detected early to prevent these types of threats. The immediate notification of a fire is the most critical issue in domestic fire detection systems. Fire detection systems using wireless sensor networks sometimes do not detect a fire as a consequence of sensor failure. Wireless sensor networks (WSN) consist of tiny, cheap, and low-power sensor devices that have the ability to sense the environment and can provide real-time fire detection with high accuracy. In this paper, we designed and evaluated a wireless sensor network using multiple sensors for early detection of house fires. In addition, we used the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) to avoid false alarms. To test the results of our fire detection system, we simulated a fire in a smart home using the Fire Dynamics Simulator and a language program. The simulation results showed that our system is able to detect early fire, even when a sensor is not working, while keeping the energy consumption of the sensors at an acceptable level. View Full-Text
Keywords: WSN; smart homes; fire; multi-Sensor; GSM communication WSN; smart homes; fire; multi-Sensor; GSM communication
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Saeed, F.; Paul, A.; Rehman, A.; Hong, W.H.; Seo, H. IoT-Based Intelligent Modeling of Smart Home Environment for Fire Prevention and Safety. J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2018, 7, 11.

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