IoT-Based Intelligent Modeling of Smart Home Environment for Fire Prevention and Safety
AbstractFires usually occur in homes because of carelessness and changes in environmental conditions. They cause threats to the residential community and may result in human death and property damage. Consequently, house fires must be detected early to prevent these types of threats. The immediate notification of a fire is the most critical issue in domestic fire detection systems. Fire detection systems using wireless sensor networks sometimes do not detect a fire as a consequence of sensor failure. Wireless sensor networks (WSN) consist of tiny, cheap, and low-power sensor devices that have the ability to sense the environment and can provide real-time fire detection with high accuracy. In this paper, we designed and evaluated a wireless sensor network using multiple sensors for early detection of house fires. In addition, we used the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) to avoid false alarms. To test the results of our fire detection system, we simulated a fire in a smart home using the Fire Dynamics Simulator and a language program. The simulation results showed that our system is able to detect early fire, even when a sensor is not working, while keeping the energy consumption of the sensors at an acceptable level. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Saeed, F.; Paul, A.; Rehman, A.; Hong, W.H.; Seo, H. IoT-Based Intelligent Modeling of Smart Home Environment for Fire Prevention and Safety. J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2018, 7, 11.
Saeed F, Paul A, Rehman A, Hong WH, Seo H. IoT-Based Intelligent Modeling of Smart Home Environment for Fire Prevention and Safety. Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks. 2018; 7(1):11.Chicago/Turabian Style
Saeed, Faisal; Paul, Anand; Rehman, Abdul; Hong, Won H.; Seo, Hyuncheol. 2018. "IoT-Based Intelligent Modeling of Smart Home Environment for Fire Prevention and Safety." J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 7, no. 1: 11.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.