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Implicit, Formal, and Powerful Semantics in Geoinformation

Institute for Electromagnetic Sensing of the Environment, National Research Council of Italy, via Bassini 15, I20133 Milan, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wolfgang Kainz
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(5), 330;
Received: 12 March 2021 / Revised: 21 April 2021 / Accepted: 1 May 2021 / Published: 13 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Artificial Intelligence for Multisource Geospatial Information)
Distinct, alternative forms of geosemantics, whose classification is often ill-defined, emerge in the management of geospatial information. This paper proposes a workflow to identify patterns in the different practices and methods dealing with geoinformation. From a meta-review of the state of the art in geosemantics, this paper first pinpoints “keywords” representing key concepts, challenges, methods, and technologies. Then, we illustrate several case studies, following the categorization into implicit, formal, and powerful (i.e., soft) semantics depending on the kind of their input. Finally, we associate the case studies with the previously identified keywords and compute their similarities in order to ascertain if distinguishing methodologies, techniques, and challenges can be related to the three distinct forms of semantics. The outcomes of the analysis sheds some light on the diverse methods and technologies that are more suited to model and deal with specific forms of geosemantics. View Full-Text
Keywords: geosemantics; implicit semantics; formal semantics; powerful semantics geosemantics; implicit semantics; formal semantics; powerful semantics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bordogna, G.; Fugazza, C.; Tagliolato Acquaviva d’Aragona, P.; Carrara, P. Implicit, Formal, and Powerful Semantics in Geoinformation. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 330.

AMA Style

Bordogna G, Fugazza C, Tagliolato Acquaviva d’Aragona P, Carrara P. Implicit, Formal, and Powerful Semantics in Geoinformation. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(5):330.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bordogna, Gloria, Cristiano Fugazza, Paolo Tagliolato Acquaviva d’Aragona, and Paola Carrara. 2021. "Implicit, Formal, and Powerful Semantics in Geoinformation" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 10, no. 5: 330.

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