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Human–Robot Collaboration in Manufacturing Applications: A Review

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
Department of Management and Engineering, University of Padova, 36100 Vicenza, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Robotics 2019, 8(4), 100;
Received: 30 September 2019 / Revised: 29 November 2019 / Accepted: 3 December 2019 / Published: 6 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Italian Robotics)
This paper provides an overview of collaborative robotics towards manufacturing applications. Over the last decade, the market has seen the introduction of a new category of robots—collaborative robots (or “cobots”)—designed to physically interact with humans in a shared environment, without the typical barriers or protective cages used in traditional robotics systems. Their potential is undisputed, especially regarding their flexible ability to make simple, quick, and cheap layout changes; however, it is necessary to have adequate knowledge of their correct uses and characteristics to obtain the advantages of this form of robotics, which can be a barrier for industry uptake. The paper starts with an introduction of human–robot collaboration, presenting the related standards and modes of operation. An extensive literature review of works published in this area is undertaken, with particular attention to the main industrial cases of application. The paper concludes with an analysis of the future trends in human–robot collaboration as determined by the authors. View Full-Text
Keywords: collaborative robotics; cobots; human–robot interaction; literature review collaborative robotics; cobots; human–robot interaction; literature review
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Matheson, E.; Minto, R.; Zampieri, E.G.G.; Faccio, M.; Rosati, G. Human–Robot Collaboration in Manufacturing Applications: A Review. Robotics 2019, 8, 100.

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