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Chaperoning Proteins for Destruction: Diverse Roles of Hsp70 Chaperones and their Co-Chaperones in Targeting Misfolded Proteins to the Proteasome

Department of Biological Chemistry, The Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmond J. Safra Campus, Givat-Ram, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
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Biomolecules 2014, 4(3), 704-724; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom4030704
Received: 28 March 2014 / Revised: 31 May 2014 / Accepted: 24 June 2014 / Published: 17 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Proteasomes and Its Regulators)
Molecular chaperones were originally discovered as heat shock-induced proteins that facilitate proper folding of proteins with non-native conformations. While the function of chaperones in protein folding has been well documented over the last four decades, more recent studies have shown that chaperones are also necessary for the clearance of terminally misfolded proteins by the Ub-proteasome system. In this capacity, chaperones protect misfolded degradation substrates from spontaneous aggregation, facilitate their recognition by the Ub ligation machinery and finally shuttle the ubiquitylated substrates to the proteasome. The physiological importance of these functions is manifested by inefficient proteasomal degradation and the accumulation of protein aggregates during ageing or in certain neurodegenerative diseases, when chaperone levels decline. In this review, we focus on the diverse roles of stress-induced chaperones in targeting misfolded proteins to the proteasome and the consequences of their compromised activity. We further discuss the implications of these findings to the identification of new therapeutic targets for the treatment of amyloid diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: the Ub-proteasome system; molecular chaperones; protein misfolding; protein degradation; protein aggregation; yeast; Hsp40; Hsp70 the Ub-proteasome system; molecular chaperones; protein misfolding; protein degradation; protein aggregation; yeast; Hsp40; Hsp70
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Shiber, A.; Ravid, T. Chaperoning Proteins for Destruction: Diverse Roles of Hsp70 Chaperones and their Co-Chaperones in Targeting Misfolded Proteins to the Proteasome. Biomolecules 2014, 4, 704-724.

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