Next Article in Journal
AP-64, Encoded by C5orf46, Exhibits Antimicrobial Activity against Gram-Negative Bacteria
Previous Article in Journal
Multifaceted Functions of Protein Kinase D in Pathological Processes and Human Diseases
Article

Neisseria gonorrhoeae Multivalent Maxibody with a Broad Spectrum of Strain Specificity and Sensitivity for Gonorrhea Diagnosis

1
Division of Biomedical Convergence, College of Biomedical Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Gangwon 24341, Korea
2
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Gangdong-gu, Seoul 05355, Korea
3
Department of Laboratory Medicine, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chuncheon 24341, Korea
4
Department of Bio-Health Convergence, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Korea
5
Department of Molecular Medicine and Biopharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology, College of Medicine or College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul 03080, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Vladimir N. Uversky
Biomolecules 2021, 11(3), 484; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11030484
Received: 21 February 2021 / Revised: 19 March 2021 / Accepted: 22 March 2021 / Published: 23 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Medicine)
Gonorrhea is one of the most common, but still hidden and insidious, sexually transmitted diseases caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococci). However, the diagnosis and treatment of gonorrhea are hampered by antigenic variability among gonococci, the lack of acquired immunity, and antimicrobial resistance. Further, strains resistant to cephalosporins, including ceftriaxone, the last line of defense, represent a growing threat, which prompted us to develop gonococci-specific diagnostic antibodies with broad-spectrum binding to gonococci strains to generate gonorrhea-detecting reagents. This study reports the identification of gonococci antibodies via bio-panning on gonococci cells using scFv-phage libraries. Reformatting the lead scFv-phage Clones 1 and 4 to a multivalent scFv1-Fc-scFv4 maxibody increased the sensitivity by up to 20-fold compared to the single scFv-Fc (maxibody) alone. Moreover, the multivalent maxibody showed broader cross-reactivity with clinical isolates and the ceftriaxone antibiotic-resistant World Health Organization (WHO) reference strain L. In contrast, the selected antibodies in the scFv-phage, maxibody, and multivalent maxibody did not bind to N. sicca, N. meningitides, and N. lactamica, suggesting the clinical and pharmaceutical diagnostic value of these selected antibodies for gonorrheal infections. The present study illustrates the advantages and potential application of multivalent maxibodies to develop rapid and sensitive diagnostic reagents for infectious diseases and cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: Neisseria gonorrhoeae; multivalent maxibody; diagnosis; immunodiagnostics; bio-panning; sexually transmitted disease (STD); infectious disease; antibody Neisseria gonorrhoeae; multivalent maxibody; diagnosis; immunodiagnostics; bio-panning; sexually transmitted disease (STD); infectious disease; antibody
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Jeong, J.; Kim, J.-S.; Lee, J.; Seo, Y.R.; Yi, E.C.; Kim, K.M. Neisseria gonorrhoeae Multivalent Maxibody with a Broad Spectrum of Strain Specificity and Sensitivity for Gonorrhea Diagnosis. Biomolecules 2021, 11, 484. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11030484

AMA Style

Jeong J, Kim J-S, Lee J, Seo YR, Yi EC, Kim KM. Neisseria gonorrhoeae Multivalent Maxibody with a Broad Spectrum of Strain Specificity and Sensitivity for Gonorrhea Diagnosis. Biomolecules. 2021; 11(3):484. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11030484

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jeong, Jieun, Jae-Seok Kim, Junghyeon Lee, Yu R. Seo, Eugene C. Yi, and Kristine M. Kim. 2021. "Neisseria gonorrhoeae Multivalent Maxibody with a Broad Spectrum of Strain Specificity and Sensitivity for Gonorrhea Diagnosis" Biomolecules 11, no. 3: 484. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11030484

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop